China, Jiangsu Province

Joined PAGE in 2015

As the second largest economy in the world, China has positioned itself as a forerunner of sustainable development, guided by the national development vision known as “Ecological Civilization”.  In 2015, the Chinese Government expressed its interest to join PAGE, starting at the provincial level in Jiangsu, the second richest province in the country. Characterized by a dense network of rivers, lakes and waterways, Jiangsu has a strong resource base but is faced by several challenges, including high population density, environmental degradation and a reliance on heavy industry.   

Jiangsu has demonstrated a strong commitment to green economy in recent years by fostering green and high-tech industries, shifting towards energy saving and resource efficient production and consumption models, redefining the eco-redlines of conservation zones, and enhancing the policy monitoring, coordination and evaluation of green development progress. The 13th Five-Year Development Plan (2016-2020) and 14th Five-Year Development Plan (2021-2025) has formally established these areas as policy priorities.  

Since 2015, PAGE has been supporting the province with macro-level green economy policy monitoring and sectoral policy advisory services in the areas of green industrial development, green trade, as well as capacity building and learning activities. 

This has contributed to several Sustainable Development Goals, including:

Looking forward 

Instead of  losing momentum due to COVID-19, Jiangsu has taken the opportunity of the pause of many industries to accelerate the green transition, supported by the release of the ‘Opinions on Promoting Green Development’ by the Provincial Government in March 2020covering areas such as green industrial parks, resource efficiency and green trade. 

With Jiangsu Province approaching graduation from PAGE, a Sustainability Plan was developed in 2020 to support long-term achievement of results and ongoing partnerships with collaborating organizations, including with the Swedish International Development Agency (SIDA) on textile supply chains. Building on the exchange that PAGE facilitated in Jiangsu, a policy window is open for scaling up green development work at a national level, through further dialogues and policy support. 

Learn more about PAGE work in the Jiangsu Province in our 2020 Annual Report


Key thematic & sectoral areas

  • Green economy progress indicators 

  • Green industrial parks 

  • Green jobs 

  • Sustainable trade & green global value chains 

Capacity building

  • South-South Exchange with South Africa on Green Economy Progress (GEP) Framework 

  • Increased Green Economy institutional capacity at Nanjing University and Fujian Normal University 

  • Green Economy Academy for policy officers  

  • Targeted training for sustainable textile value chains

  • Training workshop on tools for Eco-Industrial Parks 

Jiangsu Province & PAGE by numbers

Policies supported: 1

Assessments: 7 

National institutions and ministries partnering: 10 

Initiatives providing co-financing: 2 

Learn more




Measuring Jiangsu’s progress towards an Inclusive Green Economy (IGE) transition - A particular focus has been on measuring green economy performance.


PAGE has supported Nanjing University by providing evidence-based IGE policy analysis through the development of a GEP measurement framework for Jiangsu. This complements the existing framework used by the provincial government with strengthened social and gender dimensions, to help identify policy gaps and opportunities for future resource allocations. This was shared with South Africa to inform the development of their national GEP indicators.


The GEP framework has been broadened to measure the performance of 13 prefecture-level cities in Jiangsu and has also been applied in Fujian Province, operated by Fujian Normal University, to monitor the green economy progress on both provincial and city levels. This has fostered a GEP learning network between the two universities and others, including Zhejiang University and Suzhou University of Science and Technology. A dedicated Jiangsu Green Economy database and an online monitoring tool were presented at an expert consultation workshop in December 2019.

In July 2020, the report ‘2015-2017 Green Economy Progress Measurement in Jiangsu and Fujian Province, China’ was published in English and Chinese. The GEP work from Jiangsu Province has also been shared with South Africa to inform development of their national GEP indicators. Work on the GEP framework supports SDG 8, target 8.4, by promoting resource efficiency in consumption and production, target 8.5, by supporting full, productive employment, and SDG 17, targets 17.18 and 17.19, by increasing the availability of data and progress measurements towards SDGs.



PAGE has continued to support sectoral and thematic reforms, with a focus on green industry, green trade and green jobs.


China has paved the way for developing Green Industrial Parks, completing work on national and international levels to quantify and promote their benefits, as highlighted:

  • Measuring progress towards green industrialisation: The Green Industry Progress (GIPro) Index was developed, covering economic, environmental and social aspects of green transition of industries in 18 Chinese provinces. The assessment provides a picture of advancement for each province, with specific policy recommendations. This facilitated development of a research paper ‘Green Evaluation of Industrial Firms in China’, included in GGKP’s Green Industry Platform.
  • Supporting the green transition of industrial parks: A Green Industrial Park Assessment Study was carried out in Jiangsu and a Policy Guideline developed, taking stock of the policy instruments affecting green industrial parks. The results were summarized in the publication ‘Green Transformation of Industrial Parks in China’s Jiangsu Province: A Synthesis Report’ and launched in April 2019 at the International Seminar on Green Industrial Parks.
  • Measuring transformation against international standards: A pilot study to assesses the performance of four Jiangsu industrial parks against the UNIDO/World Bank/GIZ International Framework of EIPs was developed into a report in February 2019. The findings were used to support the development of consolidated industrial park guidelines.
  • Supporting industrial synergies: A study on ‘policy guidance for identifying specific measures for industrial symbiosis and synergy opportunities in industrial parks’ with the focus on Shanghai province was completed in 2019. Building on this, PAGE plans to develop a bankable project prototype to further investigate the identified industrial symbiosis opportunities and to get access to green credits from available financial sources, in cooperation with UNIDO Investment and Technology Promotion Office, ITPO China (Shanghai). Also in line with this workstream, a training workshop on EIP policy support and industrial symbiosis tools took place on 2-4 December 2019, targeting stakeholders from provincial government and park management in Jiangsu as part of the PAGE week. Support for green industrial parks contributes to SDGs 7, 8, 9, 12 and 13 by implementing programmes on sustainable consumption; increasing the share of renewable energy and high-tech industries; improving energy efficiency; promoting decent work for all; upgrading infrastructure and industries to promote sustainable industrialization; ensuring a conducive policy environment when supporting technology development, research and innovation; and integrating climate change measures into policies, strategies and planning.


The PAGE Environment and Trade Hub conducted a study on South-South trade in environmental goods and services and collaborated with the Research Institute for Global Value Chain (RIGVC) for a baseline assessment of sustainable textile trade and value-chains. The studies provided the basis for multi-sectoral workshops and trainings on trade in environmentally-sound technologies and sustainable textile value-chains, and summarised good practices shared at international events. This is aligned to SDG 17 by increasing green trade opportunities.



PAGE’s work has helped strengthen capacity on implementation opportunities for the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, particularly around measuring green economy progress, building sustainable industry, poverty-environment mainstreaming and social inclusion. Examples include:


The following activities have been undertaken to raise awareness of IGE and build capacity:

  • Raising awareness: A provincial Green Economy Academy was held in 2017 to increase knowledge of IGE. The Academy brought together policymakers and environmental bureau officers from seven Jiangsu municipalities to discuss social inclusiveness, green development potential, modelling/indicator tools, and the application of natural capital accounting.
  • Building capacity: A capacity-building workshop was held on 2-4 December 2019 to selected Jiangsu industrial park management on the implementation tools and International Framework on EIPs — bringing together policymakers, park administrators, business representatives, scholars and NGOs — to train, share and discuss practical tools, techniques and opportunities in greening industrial parks. These activities contribute to SDG 17, target 17.6, by enhancing South-South Cooperation, and target 17.9, by increasing international support for capacity-building to assist SDG implementation.


The capacity of Nanjing University has been strengthened in its ability to provide evidence-based policy analysis and advisory services. To provide evidence-based policy analysis and advisory to the provincial policymakers. Nanjing University is committed to host a dedicated database on Jiangsu’s green economy progress, to conduct regular assessment in the coming years, and to foster a GEP learning network among interested university partners in other provinces. The GEP measurement framework has also been employed by Fujian Normal University to monitor the GEP on provincial and city levels, fostering a learning network amongst universities.

Further enhancing capacity, a Green Development Workshop on 2-6 December 2019 provided a platform for dialogue and learning amongst government, research institutes, trade unions and enterprises. These examples illustrate support for SDG 4, target 4.7 by promoting the skills and knowledge needed for sustainable development through education.


Led by ILO and MoHRSS, PAGE promotes Green Jobs through Social Dialogue by engaging policymakers and  industrial  park stakeholders in  Social Dialogue Round Tables and exploring  strategies to promote green jobs alongside green industrial development.

Two roundtables in 2019 in Beijing and Suzhou focused on green employment policies and established a roadmap for supporting green jobs, leading to the formation of a working group with local government experts.

In 2020, PAGE continued to collaborate with the regional ILO project on sustainable garment, hosting a webinar focused on textile industry in cooperation with the China National Textile and Apparel Council. This work aims to achieve SDG 17, target 17.6 by supporting partnerships and SDG 8, target 8.5 by promoting decent work for all.