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Continuing Country

Cable Car in Almaty, Kazakhstan

Kazakhstan is an upper middle-income country whose economic growth has largely depended on exploitation of fossil fuels since independence. However, climate change, environmental degradation and waste pollution present significant threats. Kazakhstan is one of the biggest emitters of CO2 in the world in terms of emissions per capita. At the same time, it is also flood-prone, exposed to extreme temperatures and impacted by glacier-melting droughts. Kazakhstan joined PAGE in 2018 and is now a Continuing Country.

PAGE work in Kazakhstan is aiming to contribute to the following SDGs: SDG 3 (Good Health and Well-Being), SDG 13 (Climate Action) and SDG 7 (Affordable and Clean Energy) – through a focus on waste management and related energy and emission related challenges and opportunities; SDG 9 (Industry, Innovation and Infrastructure), SDG 8 (Decent Work and Economic Growth), SDG 12 (Responsible Production and Consumption), and SDG 15 (Life on Land) – through a focus on BATs.

  1. 2023

    Side-event at Astana International Forum 2023

    Contribution to the Qazaq Green Fest 2023.

    Kazakhstan adopts the carbon neutrality strategy 2060.

  2. 2022

    PAGE completed a Green Economy Learning Needs assessment for representatives of local and national governments as a part of a larger collaboration with the Academy of Public Administration (APA).


    PAGE modelled and analysed the impacts of reforming fossil fuel subsidies on the economy, environment, and society for the Ministry of National Economy.

  3. 2021

    The new Kazakhstan Environmental Code, adopted on 2 January and entered into force on 1 July 2021, envisages a rapid reform of the main environmental regulatory framework in line with international standards that can open broad opportunities for green growth in the country.

  4. 2020

    Stakeholder discussion held on policy vision for waste chapter in Low Carbon Development Concept

    Kick-off meeting held with Pavlodar region on utilizing emission payments to promote green SMEs

    Low Carbon Development Concept stakeholder consultations held for waste sector

    Kick-off meeting held with expert team and MEGNR Resources for development of National Programme of Waste Management

    Environmental Permissions working-level consultations held

    Introductory online workshop conducted on Sustainable Public Procurement

    Fiscal policy analysis stakeholder consultations held on energy and housing and public utilities (HPU)

    Consultations held on legal and regulatory mechanisms to support the implementation of the revised Environmental Code

  5. 2019

    Inception mission, including meetings with ministries, private sector and civil society

    Validation workshop held for green economy stocktaking report and framework

    Inaugural meeting of national steering committee

    First PAGE workplan finalized

  6. 2018

    Kazakhstan joins PAGE

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