China, Jiangsu Province

Joined PAGE in 2015

As the second largest economy in the world, China has positioned itself as a forerunner of sustainable development, guided by the national development vision known as “Ecological Civilization”.  In 2015, the Chinese Government expressed its interest to join PAGE, starting at the provincial level in Jiangsu, the second richest province in the country. Characterized by a dense network of rivers, lakes and waterways, Jiangsu has a strong resource base but is faced by several challenges, including high population density, environmental degradation and a reliance on heavy industry.   

Jiangsu has demonstrated a strong commitment to green economy in recent years by fostering green and high-tech industries, shifting towards energy saving and resource efficient production and consumption models, redefining the eco-redlines of conservation zones, and enhancing the policy monitoring, coordination and evaluation of green development progress. The current master development plan, the 13th Five-Year Development Plan (2016-2020) of Jiangsu Province, has formally established these areas as policy priorities.  

Since 2015, PAGE has been supporting the province with macro-level green economy policy monitoring and sectoral policy advisory services in the areas of green industrial development, green trade, as well as capacity building and learning activities. 

This has contributed to several Sustainable Development Goals, including:

Looking forward 

Instead of losing momentum due to COVID-19, Jiangsu has taken the opportunity of the pause of many industries to accelerate the green transition, supported by the release of the ‘Opinions on Promoting Green Development’ by the Provincial Government in March 2020covering areas such as green industrial parks, resource efficiency and green trade. 

With Jiangsu province approaching graduation from PAGE in 2020, a Sustainability Plan has been developed to support long-term achievement of results and ongoing partnerships with collaborating organizations, including with the Swedish International Development Agency (SIDA) on textile supply chains. Building on the exchange that PAGE facilitated in Jiangsu, a policy window is open for scaling up green development work at a national level, through further dialogues and policy support. 

Learn more about PAGE work in the Jiangsu Province in our 2020 Annual Report


Key thematic & sectoral areas

  • Green economy progress indicators 

  • Green industrial parks 

  • Green jobs 

  • Sustainable trade of EGS & green global value chains 

Capacity building

  • South-South Exchange with South Africa on Green Economy Progress (GEP) Framework 

  • Increased Green Economy institutional capacity at Nanjing University and Fujian Normal University 

  • Green Economy Academy for policy officers  

  • Targeted training to help textile companies improve sustainability along value chains 

  • Training workshop on tools for Eco-Industrial Parks 

Jiangsu Province & PAGE by numbers

Policies supported: 1

Assessments: 6 

Consultations and workshops: 14

National institutions and ministries partnering: 10 

Initiatives providing co-financing: 2 

Learn more




Measuring Jiangsu’s progress towards an Inclusive Green Economy (IGE) transition - A particular focus has been on measuring green economy performance.


PAGE has supported Nanjing University by providing evidence-based IGE policy analysis through the development of a GEP measurement framework for Jiangsu. This complements the existing framework used by the provincial government with strengthened social and gender dimensions, to help identify policy gaps and opportunities for future resource allocations. This was shared with South Africa to inform the development of their national GEP indicators.


Following consultation of initial results with the provincial Government in 2018, the framework has been broadened to measure the performance of 13 prefecture-level cities in Jiangsu. This tool has also been applied in Fujian Province, operated by Fujian Normal University, to monitor the green economy progress on both provincial and city levels. This has fostered a GEP learning network between the two universities and others, including Zhejiang University and Suzhou University of Science and Technology, which participated in the expert consultation workshop in December 2019. A dedicated Jiangsu Green Economy database and an online monitoring tool were presented at the workshop, to be finalised in 2020. Work on the GEP framework supports SDG 8, target 8.4, by promoting resource efficiency in consumption and production, target 8.5, by supporting full, productive employment, and SDG 17, targets 17.18 and 17.19, by increasing the availability of data and progress measurements towards SDGs.



PAGE has continued to support sectoral and thematic reforms, with a focus on green industry, green trade and green jobs.


Measuring progress towards green industrialisation: The Green Industry Progress (GIPro) Index has been developed, covering economic, environmental and social aspects of green transition of industries in 18 Chinese provinces and is benchmarked with other green industry indexes. The assessment provides a picture of advancement for each province, with specific policy recommendations identified. This facilitated development of a research paper on the “Green Evaluation of Industrial Firms in China” is being used as an input for the China Chapter of GGKP’s Green Industry Platform.

Supporting the green transition of industrial parks: A Green Industrial Park Assessment Study was carried out in Jiangsu and a Policy Guideline developed, taking stock of the policy instruments affecting green industrial parks at national and provincial levels. The results were summarized in the publication “Green Transformation of Industrial Parks in China's Jiangsu Province: A Synthesis Report” and launched in April 2019 at the International Seminar on Green Industrial Parks. This synthesis report provides a reference to scale-up work on green industrial parks on domestic and international levels.

Measuring transformation against international standards: A pilot study was commissioned in 2018 to assesses the performance of four Jiangsu industrial parks against the UNIDO/World Bank/GIZ International Framework of EIPs. The English report was finalised in February 2019 and discussed at the workshop in Suzhou in December, along with a training on EIP tools. The findings will be used to support development of consolidated industrial park guidelines.

Supporting industrial symbiosis and synergies: A study on select parks is being developed to identify the costs and benefits of industrial symbiosis and synergies. A training workshop on EIP policy support and industrial symbiosis tools took place on 2-4 December 2019, targeting provincial government and park management. ITPO Shanghai is planning to implement the opportunities identified by the study in other parks in the Shanghai region and beyond. Support for green industrial parks contributes to SDGs 7, 8, 9, 12 and 13 by implementing programmes on sustainable consumption; increasing the share of renewable energy and high-tech industries; improving energy efficiency; promoting decent work for all; upgrading infrastructure and industries to promote sustainable industrialisation; ensuring a conducive policy environment when supporting technology development, research and innovation; and integrating climate change measures into policies, strategies and planning.


The PAGE Environment and Trade Hub conducted a study on South-South trade in environmental goods and services and collaborated with the Research Institute for Global Value Chain (RIGVC) for a baseline assessment of sustainable textile trade and value-chains. The studies provided the basis for multi-sectoral workshops and trainings on trade in environmentally-sound technologies and sustainable textile value-chains, and summarised good practices shared at international events. This is aligned to SDG 17 by increasing green trade opportunities.


China will establish an International Forum on Green Development in 2020 to enable exchange of experiences in green economy, growth and development. Hosted by the municipal government of Chengdu and led by the PRCEE, it will engage participants from multiple provinces and nations across different sectors. This demonstrates China’s commitment to sustainable development, knowledge sharing and collaboration, supporting SDG 17.



PAGE’s work also strengthened the institutional capacity of Nanjing University. To provide evidence-based policy analysis and advisory to the provincial policymakers. Nanjing University is committed to host a dedicated database on Jiangsu’s green economy progress, to conduct regular assessment in the coming years, and to foster a GEP learning network among interested university partners in other provinces.

 Stakeholders also learned about implementation opportunities for the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, particularly around poverty-environment mainstreaming and social inclusion, including strategies and actions that promote pro-poor, environmentally sustainable development policies, plans and programmes at the national and sub-regional level.

PAGE also offered local textile producers, exporters, retailers and policymakers a chance to share experience and good practice of investing in green innovation, applying low carbon production method and circular economy approaches, engaging employees and suppliers in managing sustainability, improving the resource efficiency of water and raw materials, as well as disclosing environmental information and improving transparency in chemicals. This training was organized by the Environment and Trade Hub, under PAGE and in collaboration with the International Trade Centre (ITC) and Suzhou Bureau of Commerce.