Mauritius

Joined PAGE in 2014

Mauritius has transformed into an upper middle-income diversified economy, benefitting from dynamic industrial and financial sectors and high levels of human development. Yet, coastal ecosystems are under threat and income inequality, unemployment and global competitiveness remain a concern. With an economy highly dependent on tourism and imports, in 2020 Mauritius was hit hard by the COVID-19 and associated lockdown. As a small island developing state, Mauritius is also on the front line of climate change.  

The Mauritian government has been consistent in its commitment to transform Mauritius into an environmentally sustainable, inclusive country. Since 2014, PAGE has worked closely with the Mauritian government to achieve its vision, linked to the delivery of the Three-Year Strategic PlanThe overarching Mauritius National Vision sets a clear path for a transition to an inclusive green economy.  

PAGE contributed significantly towards the Marshall Plan Against Poverty, including the Marshall Plan Social Contract, which aids households at risk of falling into extreme poverty. PAGE efforts in Mauritius have also focused on green bonds, social policiespublic environment expenditures, industrial waste and green economy learning.  

The work in Mauritius has contributed to several Sustainable Development Goals, including:

Looking forward 

Following the COVID-19 crisis, PAGE is focusing on green recovery of the agriculture sector and green fiscal policy in Mauritius, with the Mauritius Budget Speech 2020-21 as a guiding policy. 

To embed PAGE results and take the green agenda forward, a sustainability plan has been developed. At the High-Level Political Forum 2019, Mauritius recognized PAGE as contributing factor in its progress towards achievement of SDG targets in its Voluntary National Review. 

The launch at the start of 2020, of the new National Programme for 2020-2024, shows the commitment of policymakers and stakeholders to make a successful transition towards a green economy. 

Learn more about PAGE work in Mauritius in our 2020 Annual Report

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PAGE Mauritius story

Key thematic & sectoral areas

  • Public environment & expenditure review 
  • Industrial waste management 
  • Green finance 
  • Green Jobs 
  • Poverty & social inclusivity 

Capacity building

  • IGE learning and e-learning 
  • Green bonds information session 
  • Clean Production for SMEs – ILO SCORE Programme 

Mauritius & PAGE by numbers

Policies supported: 4

Assessments: 9

National institutions and ministries partnering: 11 

Initiatives providing co-financing: 3

Learn more

Thanks to a strong partnership and support from the Federal Ministry of the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety of Germany, PAGE announces the second wave of green recovery funds for eight partner countries. Learn more

NATIONAL POLICYMAKING

NATIONAL POLICYMAKING

PAGE has played a fundamental role in supporting national dialogue, through the completion of assessments, organization of forums and by building a strong case linking poverty reduction to green economy. Examples include:

Analyses to support the case for change

Several green economy analyses, including the Mauritius Green Economy Assessment and Mauritius Fiscal Policy Scoping Study, were completed — providing inputs into the Mauritius National Vision objectives. Strategic documents were then subsequently developed by the Mauritian government to guide the achievement of these objectives, mainstreaming IGE principles, including two successive mid-term strategies: “Three-Year Strategic Plan: Rising to the Challenge of Our Ambitions (2017/18-2019/20)” and “Three-Year Strategic Plan: Pursuing Our Transformative Journey 2018/19-2020/21”; and the “10-Year Masterplan for the SME Sector in Mauritius”. This work supports SDG 17, target 17.4, by enhancing policy coherence. 

Supporting national level dialogues on IGE

In May 2018, a week-long Green Economy Forum was organized jointly with the Ministry of Finance and Economic Development, to share the latest developments related to Mauritius’ green economy transition. 273 participants from government institutions, the private sector, training institutions and civil society attended to increase competences around the green bonds market and promote knowledge sharing on policy formulation and green economy transition. This contributes to SDG 17, target 17.14, by enhancing policy coherence and target 17.16, by supporting partnerships.  

Ongoing Strategic Support for Policymaking

Several activities have taken place to support policymaking on national and local levels, not only to advance the objective of IGE, but also the achievement of the SDGs. PAGE indirectly supported the country’s Voluntary National Review (VNR) to the HLPF in July 2019, in which PAGE activities were featured of SDGs 1,12, 13 and 17. The PAGE supported ‘Tracking of Public Sector Environmental Expenditures (TPSEE)’ tool was used to develop the report’s chapter on SDG 13.

Additionally, the Strategic Partnership Framework (SPF) Agreement for 2019-2023 was signed in August 2019 between the Government of Mauritius and the UN, to support collaboration until 2023. PAGE and SWITCH Africa Green played an important role in mainstreaming IGE principles into this Framework. Additionally, the new Government Programme for 2020-2024: “Toward an Inclusive, High Income and Green Mauritius, Forging Ahead Together” will be used as a source of inspiration and guidance for future policymaking, containing multiple aspirations aligned with thematic areas PAGE has supported in the country.

SECTORAL AND THEMATIC REFORM

SECTORAL AND THEMATIC REFORM

PAGE’s work in Mauritius has spanned several sectors and cross-cutting themes with far-reaching consequences identified in the National Vision, including poverty reduction, industrial waste management, SME finance, green jobs, and public expenditure on climate change.

Linking green economy to poverty reduction

A focus of the National Vision is commitment to improve inclusiveness and reduce poverty. PAGE directly supported the development of the Marshall Plan Against Poverty, launched as part of the 2016-17 national budget, and the drafting of targeted policy measures to prevent extreme poverty. Its most important proposal — the Marshall Plan Social Contract — provides financial assistance to households found eligible under the Social Register of Mauritius for families in poverty. Funding for the Social Contract has been earmarked in successive national budget speeches. This supports SDG 1, target 1.4 on ensuring all men and women, particularly the poor and vulnerable, have equal rights to economic resources.

Guidance for industrial waste management

PAGE supported Mauritius’ goal of greening industry by conducting an Industrial Waste Assessment to provide strategic guidance for national policymakers in 2016. The assessment quantified the amount and main categories of industrial waste being generated in selected industries and provided insights into the legislative framework. It also identified opportunities for the reuse and recycling of industrial waste, providing guidance for the development of a sustainable manufacturing industry. As a follow-up, PAGE began surveying enterprises in 2020 to examine industrial waste management costs and develop recommendations on circular economy and the concept of the Extended Producer Responsibility (EPR). This work is aligned to SDGs 9 and 12, targets 9.5b and 12.5 on upgrading the technological capacities of industrial sectors, ensuring a conducive policy environment for industrial development and promoting the reduction of waste. 

Expanding SME access to green finance

According to Mauritius’ 10-Year SME Master Plan, SMEs are encouraged to adopt sustainable production practices and showcase eco-business. As a step to improve SMEs’ access to finance, a Forum on Green Business Development was organized in May 2018, to discuss issues related to sustainable procurement and access to green financing. Subsequently, stakeholder consultations were held in July 2019 and a national technical working group initiated a study on access to green finance. A draft was completed in 2020, with a virtual workshop planned for 2021 to share recommendations. This work supports SDG 17, target 17.3, on mobilizing additional financial resources, and target 17.16, by facilitating partnerships. 

Bridging the skills gap through green jobs assessment

The country’s green jobs assessment model is being updated by a local modeller from the University of Mauritius with support from PAGE. This model projects the effects of the country’s NDCs on economy-wide employment effects, including green jobs. The preliminary findings were presented to national stakeholders in a workshop on macroeconomic effects of COVID-19, organized by the UN Resident Coordinator Office, the World Bank and the University of Mauritius in 2020. Utilising the results from the Assessment, PAGE completed the first draft of a roadmap for identifying and developing skills needed for green jobs in 2020. This work supports SDGs 8 and 17, by promoting decent work and building partnerships.  

Monitoring public expenditure related to climate change

The Public Environment Expenditure Review (PEER), supported by PAGE, sparked interest in the Ministry of Finance and Economic Development to introduce climate finance tracking tools within the budget process and the Treasury Accounting System. PAGE assisted the Ministry to develop a methodology and training enabling policy officials to conduct an annual computation of total public sector environmental expenditure. This will facilitate the integration of climate change measures into the national budget process, contributing to SDGs 8, 9 and 13. 

STRENGTHENING CAPACITY

STRENGTHENING CAPACITY

PAGE has worked with government institutions, universities and academia on the national level to increase knowledge and capacity. Efforts have also been made to engage on an international level to share lessons and expand the partnership’s reach. Examples include:

Building institutional capacity

PAGE supported the completion of the Green Economy Learning Needs Assessment in 2018 for civil servants, and entrepreneurs and workers in strategic sectors. Since 2019, PAGE has aided the integration of green economy into the college’s learning programmes. Trainings for civil servants utilizing the strategic planning and project management courses that integrated IGE elements started in March 2020, with a target of 300-400 civil servants to be trained annually. In parallel, work is on-going to update and integrate PAGE global training products into the CSCM e-learning platform. With PAGE, CSCM also conducted trainings for secondary school teachers on mainstreaming inclusive green economy principles into school curricula. Next steps include evaluation and further dissemination of the courses. This has supported SDG 4, target 4.7, by identifying priority learning needs to promote sustainable development and 17.1 on enhancing national capacity for the SDGs.

Building individual capacity

The support to build green economy capacity in Mauritius aligns with SDG 17, targets 17.1 and 17.9 on strengthening domestic resource mobilization and enhancing national capacity for the SDGs:  

  • In 2017, a two-day train-the-trainer event for 25 practitioners was held to support the delivery of high-quality training on green economy;   
  • Support was provided to ILO’s SME development programmes through a training needs analysis, workshops and monitoring and evaluation of trainers’ performance. In November 2019, PAGE supported the SCORE pilot training aimed at optimizing the efficiency, productivity, cleaner production and competitiveness of SMEs through improved workplace cooperation. This was completed in 2020, with the certification of the nine trainers by the NPCC;  
  • Representatives from the government, the financial sector and academia received technical training on green bonds development, in partnership with the Stock Exchange of Mauritius (SEM) to develop a Green Bonds Market;  
  • A three-day training was delivered in November 2017 on climate change adaptation and mitigation concepts and their linkages with budget-related expenditure to 150 representatives from 15 government ministries/departments. In March 2018, a follow-up session was held with local government.

Facilitating South-South cooperation

During the Green Economy Forum, representatives from provincial governments (Western Cape and Gauteng) shared their experiences on public policy and private sector engagement towards green economy to promote learning from South-South experiences. As Mauritius enters its final year of PAGE, lessons have been shared from Burkina Faso and Mongolia. Aspects of Mauritius’ sustainability plan, were shared with other phase out countries, including Peru. These examples contributed to SDG 17, target 17.9, by facilitating international cooperation to support national implementation of the SDGs.