After recording GDP growth of around 7-8 percent for several years, India has started to witness an economic slowdown. The country is also facing acute environmental challenges, including climate variability, poor air quality, over-exploitation of groundwater, water scarcity, increasing inland and coast salinity, land degradation, and increased intensity of climate extreme events. These have adversely affected economic performance and resulted in increased poverty, unemployment and poor health. 

India has made significant efforts to tackle this through several policies and programmes, including, the National Policy on Biofuels, the National Clean Environment Fund, the Smart Cities Mission and concerted efforts to achieve NDCs and SDGs. It has also embraced integrated economy-wide approaches, including circular economy and sustainable consumption and production. 

 India joined PAGE in 2018 to catalyse action and enhance cooperation on existing initiatives on national and sub-national levels. The government’s focus on increasing resource efficiency through the National Resource Efficiency Programme - currently under finalisation - provides a specific entry point for PAGE support. 

Support areas being explored include:

  1. Enhancing national initiatives on resource efficiency;
  2. Providing support for the implementation of India’s resource efficiency roadmap;
  3. Supporting national priorities pertaining to sustainable public procurement and eco-labelling;
  4. Supporting the modernization of micro-small- and medium-sized enterprises, particularly in the manufacturing sectors; and
  5. Building synergies with other green economy-aligned initiatives.

This has contributed to several Sustainable Development Goals, including:


With India hard-hit by COVID-19 and associated extended lockdown in 2020, PAGE India has been active in promoting green economic recovery. PAGE co-hosted a webinar on 'Building Back Better’ which brought together eminent speakers to discuss the ways in which the Economic Package released by the Government of India can be made greener and more inclusive. 

Additionally, based on India's COVID-19 recovery package, a comprehensive document on analysis of the package on sustainability and green parameters and PAGE's entry point in different recovery measures has been developed, paving the way for future PAGE work.

Learn more about PAGE work in India in our 2020 Annual Report



  • Resource efficiency 
  • Sustainable railways 
  • Sustainable public procurement 
  • Green entrepreneurship 


  • Mainstreaming of environmental sustainability into railway training procedures 
  • Raising awareness of green economy 


Assessments: 1 

Consultations & workshops: 5

National institutions & ministries partnering: 2

Initiatives providing co-financing: 1

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Stocktaking and National Dialogue

Stocktaking and National Dialogue

PAGE India has undertaken an initial stocktaking study to establish a baseline and identify and elaborate priority areas for PAGE support. One national and three sub-national consultation workshops were held for Southern and Western (combined), Northern, and Eastern states of India throughout July and August 2019 to complement this study and feed regional priorities and perspectives into it. The national workshop was conducted in New Delhi in August 2019 to further refine the priorities identified in the sub-national consultations and discuss thematic areas, specifically around SDG 12 (Sustainable Consumption and Production) and synergies with SDG 8 (Employment and Economic Growth). These workshops were able to bring together stakeholders and decision-makers on a single platform.

National ownership to drive IGE

National ownership to drive IGE

A National Steering Committee was established in January 2020 by the MoEFCC to direct and supervise PAGE work in line with national priorities and international commitments. Comprised of membership from key ministries and departments, UN PAGE agencies, and research and development organizations, the Steering Committee will among other responsibilities:

  • Serve as an inter-departmental and inter-agency mechanism for overall planning, execution, monitoring, supervision and guidance of PAGE activities;
  • Provide consultative inputs and guidance for PAGE engagement relating to IGE transition, considering the needs and priorities of national policies and programmes;
  • Provide guidance on a roadmap for long-term sustainability of IGE interventions beyond PAGE by building on government priorities; and
  • Serve as a platform for the exchange of ideas and forging partnerships and synergies.

A green transition for Indian Railways

A green transition for Indian Railways

Indian Railways is one of the largest railway networks in the world, employing more than 1.27 million people and having a huge carbon footprint in terms of energy and material consumption, fossil fuel consumption, greenhouse gas emission, waste generation and water consumption. PAGE supported the formation of a high level “Task Force on Environmental Sustainability” in 2019, preparing its terms of reference. Chaired by the Chairman of the Railway Board and co-chaired by UNEP, it will work as an inter-ministerial, inter-agency and inter-department guidance mechanism for overall planning and supervision of a sustainability roadmap of Indian Railways to achieve its green transition.


Lead Agency Focal PointDivya Datt (UNEP)
National CoordinatorTo be recruited
Partner Agency Focal PointsAngus Mackay (UNITAR)
Rene Van Berkel (UNIDO)
Preeti Soni (UNDP)
Cristina Martinez (ILO)
Government Focal PointsMs. Bhawna Singh, Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change
Mr. Kushal Vashist, Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change