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Green Economy Progress Measurement Framework

Moving beyond GDP is fundamental to building an economic system that gives value to what counts – human well-being – now and in the future, and for everyone. Effectively measuring what counts can help lead the world toward a more just, inclusive and sustainable development path.

António Guterres

An inclusive green economy is one that improves human well-being and builds social equity while reducing environmental risks and scarcities. PAGE supports decision and policymakers to gain understanding on how green economy is progressing in their respective country by means of the Green Economy Progress Measurement Framework.

As the UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres has pointed out recently, we need to move beyond GDP as the main metrics for making progress. With the GEP framework, PAGE not only helps countries to monitor their progress towards the needed green economic transformation, but it serves also as a powerful analytical tool for identifying priority areas for investments, beyond economic indicators.

The five—year period (2014—2019) that preceded the pandemic was characterized by important improvements in the overall inclusive green economy worldwide, although some sustainability challenges persist.

The recent major shocks to global society have caused a setback in inclusive green economy trajectories. However, massive investments through a “Green Push Scenario” aimed at limiting global warming to 1.5°C can reinvigorate progress in transitioning towards inclusive green economies.

Caution is needed, though, as such a scenario may lead to negative impacts on employment and income inequality if not accompanied by just transition policies.

The Third Edition of the GEP Measurement Framework puts forward three recommended policy actions for advancing an Inclusive Green Economy (IGE), in alignment with the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development:


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