Guatemala faces challenges around the loss of natural resources, deforestation, increased soil and water pollution, and growing waste levels. These impact the natural environment and have socio-economic consequences, compounding vulnerability and exclusion. The country’s Environmental Fiscal Strategy presents a set of fiscal instruments to improve the pricing of harmful economic activities, thus supporting national climate change and sustainability objectives.

Guatemala joined PAGE in 2018 to help reformulate economic policies around sustainability to support social inclusion, green jobs and green growth.

PAGE first met with national counterparts in September 2018 to set the objectives for the programme. Potential entry points were explored including:

  1. Operationalizing the National Development Plan K’atun Nuestra Guatemala 2032, through the implementation of the Environmental Fiscal Strategy;
  2. Assisting the development of a public investment strategy for climate change adaptation and mitigation;
  3. Supporting sectoral policy reform concerning greenhouse gas emissions, solid waste and water management, renewable energy and energy efficiency; and
  4. Supporting national commitments to the SDGs and NDCs.

In 2018, the Ministry of Public Finance was restructured. This was followed by general elections in 2019, with a new President to assume office in January 2020. As a result, the inception phase has been extended to 2020, with a focus on completing a national green economy stocktaking study, a joint PAGE mission to identify priorities and mobilize stakeholders, as well as foundational capacity development.

This ongoing work has contributed to several Sustainable Development Goals, including:

Learn more about PAGE work in Guatemala in our 2019 Annual Report


Establishing the foundation for PAGE support

Establishing the foundation for PAGE support

Through an official letter, the Minister of Public Finance reconfirmed commitment to PAGE and requested support for the development of a National Inventory of Policies and Initiatives related to green economy along with capacity development activities. On this basis, PAGE offered support on the recruitment of the national coordinator, who was on-boarded in June 2020 and the national stocktaking study is planned for late 2020. While a joint PAGE mission was planned in early 2020 to engage with new members of the administration and launch PAGE, this was postponed due to the COVID-19 pandemic. However, a workplan for Guatemala’s inception phase was agreed upon. These start-up activities will build the foundation for achieving outcome one aimed at shaping national policymaking around IGE principles and contribute to SGD 17 by supporting multi-stakeholder partnerships.

Building capacity to support change

Building capacity to support change

A key feature of the 2019-2020 country workplan is foundational capacity-building to raise awareness on options for a green transition and facilitate inclusion of private sector, academia and civil society stakeholders, thus broadening the green economy discourse in the country. For example, a stakeholder roundtable with public, private and civil society stakeholders on measuring and framing progress towards a green economy through indicators is planned.

Additional trainings on natural resource protection and green industrial policy will be delivered in collaboration with local partners to promote behavioral change in various economic sectors. These activities are designed to contribute to SDGs 4, 8, 12 and 17 by ensuring all stakeholders acquire the knowledge and skills needed to promote sustainable production and consumption patterns, and by enhancing partnerships for Sustainable Development. They will serve as the basis for achieving outcome three.


Lead Agency Focal PointGiuliano Montanari (UNITAR)
National CoordinatorXimena Villagrán (Ms.)
Partner Agency Focal PointsAdriana Zacarias Farah (UNEP)
Guillermo Castella Lorenzo (UNIDO)
Fernando Garcia Barrios (UNDP)
Ana Sanchez (ILO)
Government Focal PointsJuan Sebastián Blas García, Director, Dirección de Análisis y Politica Fiscal Ministerio de Finanzas Públicas
Alvaro González Ricci, Ministro, Ministerio de Finanzas Públicas