Ghana has achieved strong economic growth over the past two decades, reducing poverty and improving social indicators. The 2006-2009 food, fuel and financial crisis prompted the government to transition to focus on sustainable growth. This was recognized in the 2010 publication “Ghana Goes for Green Growth”, together with the National Energy Policy that included a strategy for renewable energies.

The 2013 National Climate Change Policy, which envisages a climate-compatible economy, provided an entry point for PAGE engagement in 2014. The subsequent Ghana Shared Growth and Development Agenda II (2014-2017) and National Medium-Term Development Policy Framework (2018-2021) further demonstrated Ghana’s commitment to a green economy. With PAGE support, the government has worked towards reframing its economic policy through innovative reforms, incentives, partnerships, business models and investments in green technologies.

PAGE work has culminated in several achievements, including the mainstreaming of IGE into national planning; inclusion of climate change education in basic schools; completion of thematic reforms in sustainable finance, green jobs and resource efficiency; and institutional capacity building and national ownership. 

The work in Ghana has contributed to several Sustainable Development Goals, including:

 Learn more about PAGE work in Ghana in our 2019 Annual Report

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NATIONAL POLICYMAKING

NATIONAL POLICYMAKING

PAGE has shaped policymaking towards achieving Inclusive Green Economy (IGE) and wider SDG and NDC targets on national and local levels, as documented below:

Shaping national and local IGE policymaking

PAGE has successfully linked green economy goals to wider SDG and NDC targets and established robust indicators to measure progress:

  • Establishing a clear path to IGE transition: A major focus has been development of the country’s next Medium-Term National Development Framework (2018-2021). This was informed by the medium-term development plans of sub-national MMDAs – developed with active support from PAGE. This national framework has set a clear pathway towards transitioning to a green economy.

  • Mainstreaming NDCs and SDGs into decentralised governance system: PAGE has supported MMDAs to improve their capacity to mainstream green economy actions into their work. A manual for mainstreaming climate change and green economy related SDGs into development planning was produced and as of 2018, 280 staff of 24 MMDAs across the three regions of Northern Ghana received training on its use. This has resulted in the incorporation and adoption of green economy related actions into the medium-term plans of 216 MMDAs across the country. This work contributes to SDG 12, target 12.1 by incorporating sustainable production and consumption into national policies, and SDG 17, target 17.14, by enhancing policy coherence for sustainable development.

Developing metadata to monitor SDGs related to climate change and green economy

To ensure comparability in data collection and computation across MMDAs, PAGE has supported the GSS to develop metadata for climate change and green economy related SDGs. The final metadata report covering 138 indicators was completed in 2019, with 162 statisticians trained in its use. This work will not only support sound policymaking and planning, but also help Ghana meet its reporting obligations to the international community through the Voluntary National Review framework. This aligns with SDG 17, target 17.18, by providing capacity building to increase the availability of high-quality, timely and reliable disaggregated data.

Strengthening national institutions

A Presidential Committee on Environmental and Natural Resources has been established with a mandate to coordinate the government’s intervention in the fight against illegal small-scale mining. Together with the Inter-Ministerial Committee for SDGs hosted by the Ministry of Planning at the Presidency and the SDGs Implementation Committee, these national institutions provide an entry point at the highest political level to drive actions on green economy beyond PAGE. This contributes to SDG 17, targets 17.14 and 17.16 by enhancing policy coherence and supporting partnerships.

SECTORAL AND THEMATIC REFORM

SECTORAL AND THEMATIC REFORM

PAGE work has centred on three key thematic areas: sustainable finance, green jobs and resource efficiency.

Green finance

PAGE completed a study on access to and opportunities for scaling up green finance in 2019, with a set of recommendations and proposed actions under discussion with the Public Service Commission (PSC). A working group comprising representatives from Ministry of Finance, MESTI, Private Enterprises Federation, Bankers Association of Ghana, and the Bank of Ghana provided technical support and guidance for the process. This supports SDG 17, target 17.3, on mobilising additional financial resources, and target 17.16, by facilitating partnerships.

Skills for green jobs

PAGE has been working to develop a strategy for green jobs in line with Ghana’s NDCs - identified as a gap at the 2018 event “Ghana National Dialogue on Decent Work and Just Transition to an Environmentally Sustainable Economy and Society for All”. A national study on skills for green jobs has been conducted, which will be validated with stakeholders in early 2020. A National Strategy on Green Jobs is also in the process of being drafted and due to be completed in 2020. Opportunities to link the Strategy to Ghana’s National Employment Policy and identify supporting projects in green sectors will be explored in 2020. This work contributes to SDG 8, target 8.5, focused on decent work for all.

Resource efficiency

PAGE has supported tailor-made training activities for selected firms in the steel and palm oil sectors, together with resource efficiency demonstrations. PAGE work under this theme has raised awareness about the benefits of energy efficiency and related methodologies within government institutions and industry in Ghana on energy management systems, power factor correction, resource efficiency and cleaner production. It also raised awareness of resource efficiency programmes in South Africa and Tunisia that could be adopted in Ghana. PAGE intends to support the Government’s ambition to develop a national industrial resource efficiency policy and programme, building on the above demonstration projects. These efforts contribute to SDG 8, specifically targets 8.2 and 8.3 on achieving higher levels of economic productivity, and SDG 9, target 9.2 on promoting inclusive and sustainable industrialization.

STRENGTHENING CAPACITY

STRENGTHENING CAPACITY

PAGE has collaborated with government institutions, universities and academia to strengthen foundational learning on IGE. This has supported achievement of SDG 4, by ensuring that learners acquire the knowledge and skills needed to promote sustainable development, and SDG 13, by improving education, awareness and individual and institutional capacity. Examples include:

Building institutional capacity

Several activities have been conducted to build the institutional capacity of primary and secondary schools, all the way up to university level:

  • PAGE, with the University of Ghana Business School (UGBS), has started to design a nationally tailored course on green finance for public officials. A competency framework has been developed, to be further discussed with national stakeholders, before using as the basis for course development in early 2020; and
  • In collaboration with the One UN:CC Learn, PAGE has been working to introduce green economy in the curricula of primary and secondary schools, with funding and technical support provided to the Environmental Protection Agency, the Ghana Education Service and MESTI. Learning materials were completed, and teaching commenced in September 2019.

Building individual capacity

Several examples of support to build green economy capacity across various industries, media houses and government institutions can be provided:

  • In April 2018, a training was organized on the implementation of Energy Management Systems (EnMS) within identified energy-intensive industries. This was followed by a training of mining sector engineers and business managers on ISO 50001 certification - an international standard focused on energy management.
  • A series of media trainings have been conducted in collaboration with MESTI. The first took place in July 2015, with 15 media houses attending and media coverage from national outlets. Another two events took place in June and July 2018, with 60 media practitioners given a background on IGE principles in order to enhance reporting.
  • A further training series was offered in 2018 and 2019 to over 280 staff of 24 MMDAs across the three regions of Northern Ghana to support the long-term mainstreaming of green economy goals and targets into local development plans.

COUNTRY FOCAL POINTS

National CoordinatorKingsley Bekoe (UNDP)
Lead Agency Focal PointTim Scott (UNDP)
Partner Agency Focal PointsAdebiyi Odebile (UNEP)
Fulai Sheng (UNEP)
Amrei Horstbrink (UNITAR)
Md Abu Saieed (UNIDO)
Government Focal PointPeter Dery, MInistry of Environment Science Technology and Innovation