Ghana

Joined PAGE 2014

Ghana has achieved strong economic growth over the past two decades, reducing poverty and improving social indicators. The 2006-2009 food, fuel and financial crisis prompted the government to transition to more sustainable growth, motivating a strong political commitment to advancing inclusive green economy.  

The Ghana National Climate Change Policy (2013) envisaged a climate-compatible economy that achieves sustainable development through equitable low-carbon growth. The subsequent Ghana Shared Growth and Development Agenda II (2014-2017) and National Medium-Term Development Policy Framework (2018-2021) further refined Ghana’s vision by providing an overarching policy framework for transformative change.  

This policy framework was the key link for PAGE engagement since 2014. In line with the existing policies and Ghana’s decentralized planning approach, PAGE focused on planning and monitoring processes of Metropolitan, Municipal and District Assemblies (MMDAs). PAGE has supported the further integration of IGE into sub-national planning processes, select sectoral and thematic policy reform processes and related capacity development across institutions and levels of government.  

In 2019, PAGE began a gradual phase-out of its support from Ghana and completed the development of a sustainability plan to safeguard PAGE results and maintain the green economy agenda.

The work in Ghana has contributed to several Sustainable Development Goals, including:

LOOKING FORWARD

As a graduating country, PAGE has contributed towards a National Sustainability Plan for Ghana to ensure there is long-term commitment and support for these workstreams, especially from the private sector and local government.  

To support greening of COVID-19 recoveryPAGE Ghana contributed to the Ghana UN Development System COVID-19 Common Country Analysis (CCA) and Socio-economic Response and Recovery Plan (SERRP). Within this scope, PAGE is implementing activities to strengthen the enabling environment to facilitate greater public and private green finance.

These efforts will help ensure that, moving forward, an appropriate incentive structure remains in place and sustained for green, socially just and equitable growth. 

Learn more about PAGE work in Ghana in our 2020 Annual Report

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KEY THEMATIC & SECTORAL AREAS

  • Monitoring SDG implementation
  • Green finance 
  • Resource efficiency 
  • Green jobs 

CAPACITY BUILDING

  • IGE integrated into primary and secondary school curricula 
  • Tailor-made IGE trainings for steel and oil palm sectors 
  • Green economy media training 
  • Sub-national training on mainstreaming IGE in development plans 
  • Introductory GE courses for university students and public service personnel 

GHANA & PAGE BY NUMBERS

Policies Supported: 4

Assessments: 9

National institutions & ministries partnering: 15

NATIONAL POLICYMAKING

NATIONAL POLICYMAKING

PAGE has shaped policymaking towards achieving Inclusive Green Economy (IGE) and wider SDG and NDC targets on national and local levels, as documented below:

Shaping national and local IGE policymaking

PAGE has successfully linked green economy goals to wider SDG and NDC targets and established robust indicators to measure progress:

  • Establishing a clear path to IGE transition: A major focus for Ghana has been the development of the country’s next Medium-Term National Development Framework (2018-2021). This was substantially informed by the medium-term development plans of sub-national Metropolitan, Municipal and District Assemblies (MMDAs) – developed with active support from PAGE. This national framework has set a clear pathway towards transitioning to a green economy. Prior to this, PAGE support was aligned to the Ghana Shared Growth and Development Agenda, ending in 2017.

  • Mainstreaming NDCs and SDGs into decentralised governance system: PAGE work has focused on supporting MMDAs and relevant sector representatives to improve their capacity to mainstream climate change and green economy actions into their work. A manual for mainstreaming climate change and green economy-related SDGs into development planning was produced and as of 2018, 280 staff of 24 MMDAs across the three regions of Northern Ghana received training on its use. This has resulted in the incorporation and adoption of green economy-related actions into the medium-term plans of 216 MMDAs across the country. In 2020, PAGE assessed the impact of these previous trainings and lessons learned will be disseminated through national dialogues to inform training models, guidance and policies on mainstreaming, monitoring and reporting on climate change and the SDGs. This work contributes to SDG 12, target 12.1 by incorporating sustainable production and consumption into national policies, and SDG 17, target 17.14, by enhancing policy coherence for sustainable development.

Developing metadata to monitor SDGs related to climate change and green economy

To ensure comparability in data collection and computation across MMDAs, PAGE has supported Ghana Statistical Services (GSS) to develop metadata for climate change and green economy-related SDGs. The final metadata report covering 138 indicators was completed in 2019, with approximately 162 statisticians trained in its use across the country. The report offers a foundation to the government for developing a comprehensive compendium of metadata for the SGDs and its medium-term development policy framework, with a specialist committee formed to take it forward. Beyond supporting policymaking and planning, this work enables sound reporting to the international community through the Voluntary National Review framework. This aligns with SDG 17, target 17.18, by providing capacity building to increase the availability of high-quality, timely and reliable disaggregated data.

Strengthening national institutions

A Presidential Committee on Environmental and Natural Resources has been established with a mandate to coordinate the government’s intervention in the fight against illegal small-scale mining. Chaired by MESTI, the Committee’s work includes coordinating actions for rehabilitation of degraded forest and farmlands through illegal small-scale mining, thus contributing to Ghana’s achievement of its emission targets. Together with the Inter-Ministerial Committee for SDGs hosted by the Ministry of Planning at the Presidency and the SDGs Implementation Committee, these national institutions provide an entry point at the highest political level to drive actions on climate change and green economy beyond PAGE. This contributes to SDG 17, targets 17.14 and 17.16 by enhancing policy coherence and supporting partnerships.

Measures to Support Sustainable Results

The Ghana Sustainability Plan was reviewed by the PAGE Steering Committee in July 2019 and UN Inter-Agency partners in August 2019 — the document sets out PAGE’s achievements as well as lessons learned to be taken forward. A Green Economy week is expected to be held in early 2021 to showcase the results and impact of PAGE work in Ghana, during which the sustainability plan will be discussed with a broad range of stakeholders including potential financiers for forward-looking action. A fundraising plan or financing plan is expected to accompany the sustainability plan, aiming to rally complementary resources that could maintain and accelerate results in Ghana. 

SECTORAL AND THEMATIC REFORM

SECTORAL AND THEMATIC REFORM

PAGE work has centred on three key thematic areas: sustainable finance, green jobs and resource efficiency.

Green finance

PAGE conducted a study on access to and opportunities for scaling up green finance in Ghana. The study assessed sustainability integration within business sector operations and value chains and identified green finance interventions, investment opportunities and barriers. A working group with representatives from the Ministry of Finance, MESTI, Private Enterprises Federation, Bankers Association of Ghana, and the Bank of Ghana provided technical support and guidance for the process. PAGE completed the green finance study in 2019, with a set of recommendations and proposed actions under discussion with the Public Service Commission (PSC). The work supports SDG 17, target 17.3, on mobilizing additional financial resources from multiple resources, and target 17.16, by facilitating multi-stakeholder partnerships.

Skills for green jobs

PAGE has worked to develop a strategy for green jobs in line with Ghana’s NDCs. This was identified as a gap at the 2018 event “Ghana National Dialogue on Decent Work and Just Transition to an Environmentally Sustainable Economy and Society for All”.  A national study on skills for green jobs was finalized in 2020, aimed at identifying needs, gaps and recommendations to meet the capacity demands in Ghana. The study contributes to the development of a National Strategy on Green Jobs, expected to provide a framework to operationalize Ghana’s National Employment Policy. PAGE supported the drafting of the National Strategy on Green Jobs and the framework of an Action Plan in 2020, which will be further refined by national stakeholders. 

Additionally, PAGE is supporting the construction of an economic model with the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) to measure the impacts on jobs of Ghana’s NDC and develop a set of labour market policies that could complement policies on climate change mitigation and adaptation under development. The efforts to promote skills for green jobs contribute to SDG 8, target 8.5, focused on decent work for all. 

Resource efficiency

PAGE has supported tailor-made training activities, including a 2019 workshop for firms in the steel and palm oil sectors, together with resource efficiency demonstrations. PAGE collaborated with the Ministry of Trade and Industry, the Environmental Protection Agency, the Ghana National Cleaner Production Centre and the Association of Ghana Industries for wider consultation and advice during the demonstration. In 2020, PAGE completed further pilot studies on energy audits and efficiency for the palm oil and steel sectors. Building on lessons learned from these sectors, PAGE is exploring opportunities to support the government in its ambition to develop a national industrial efficiency policy and programme. The work has raised awareness about the benefits of energy efficiency and related methodologies within government institutions and industry in Ghana and also presented applicable resource efficiency programmes in South Africa and Tunisia that could be adopted in Ghana. These efforts contribute to SDG 8, specifically targets 8.2 and 8.3 on achieving higher levels of economic productivity, and SDG 9, target 9.2 on promoting inclusive and sustainable industrialization.

STRENGTHENING CAPACITY

STRENGTHENING CAPACITY

PAGE has collaborated with government institutions, universities and academia to strengthen foundational learning on IGE. This work supports the achievement of SDG 4, target 4.7, by ensuring that all learners acquire the knowledge and skills needed to promote sustainable development, and SDG 13, target 13.3, by improving education, awareness-raising and human and institutional capacity on climate change mitigation. Examples include:

Building institutional capacity

Several activities have been conducted to build the institutional capacity of primary and secondary schools, all the way up to university level:

  • Tailored training programme on green finance: In 2019, PAGE, in a collaboration with the University of Ghana Business School (UGBS), began developing a course on green finance targeting public officials and other stakeholders involved in financial, economic and specific policy design and implementation. A pilot training was held in December 2020 and once finalized, UGBS will develop a business plan to ensure the course can be run regularly on a self-financing basis; and
  • Introducing foundational concepts into schools: In collaboration with the One UN:CC Learn, PAGE has been working to introduce green economy in the curricula of primary and secondary schools, with funding and technical support provided to the Environmental Protection Agency, the Ghana Education Service and MESTI. Learning materials were completed in 2019 and teaching began in September of that year. 600 teachers were trained in person in 2019, and 200 additional primary school teachers were trained in 2020 — totalling 800 teachers trained.

Building individual capacity

Several examples of support to build green economy capacity across various industries, media houses and government institutions can be provided:

  • Resource efficiency training in energy intensive industries: In April 2018, PAGE, through UNIDO, organized training on the implementation of Energy Management Systems (EnMS) within identified energy-intensive industries. PAGE has also facilitated the training of mining sector engineers and business managers on ISO 50001 certification — an international standard focused on energy management. Valuable EnMS implementation lessons from the Ghanaian mining sector can be disseminated in support of the same development in the steel and palm oil sectors.  
  • Media training: A series of media trainings have been organized by PAGE in collaboration with MESTI. The first took place in July 2015, with 15 media houses attending and media coverage from national outlets. Another two events took place in June and July 2018, with 60 media practitioners informed on IGE principles in order to enhance future reporting. This complemented PAGE’s earlier work developing the Manual on Mainstreaming Climate Change and Green Economy SDGs into the Development Plans of MMDAs. 
  • Technical training: Further training was conducted in 2019 to support the use of metadata: As of April 2019, PAGE supported the National Development Planning Commission (NDPC), Ministry of Environment, Science, Technology and Innovation (MESTI) and the GSS to provide training to approximately 162 statisticians covering all MMDAs. This training supports the long-term mainstreaming of green economy goals and targets into local development plans.