Situated in one of the most arid areas of the world, Morocco is especially vulnerable to climate change, with highly variable rainfall and recurrent droughts producing environmental, social and economic consequences. Faced with increases in energy and food prices, depletion of natural resources, high youth unemployment, growing social inequality, and slowing GDP growth, Morocco has recognized the importance of reframing economic policies around sustainability.

The Moroccan government has already started to roll out several green economy initiatives relating to renewable energy, energy efficiency, water and waste management, sustainable agriculture and aquaculture, and eco-tourism. Additional efforts are envisaged around green fiscal reform, green finance, job creation, capacity building and innovation, all with a view to mobilize the potential of partnerships with the private sector.

Morocco’s commitment to IGE transition is outlined in its National Sustainable Development Plan (SNDD) that aims to reconcile economic growth, social inclusion, protection and enhancement of the environment by 2030. Adopted in 2017, the SNDD recognizes that sustainable development is a right for all citizens in the Moroccan 2011 Constitution and the adoption of a National Charter for the Environment and Sustainable Development.

It is in this context that Morocco applied to join PAGE in 2019. Following a new government taking office in October 2019, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs reconfirmed the Government’s support to starting a collaboration with PAGE.

Learn more about PAGE work in Morocco in our 2020 Annual Report



As the COVID-19 pandemic unfolded throughout 2020, the initial work plan for Morocco was held while the country first focused attention on sustaining an immediate response. PAGE liased with the United Nations Resident Coordinator's Office in Morocco together with the nationally engaged UN Agencies to develop a series of activities that will assist the country in its green recovery efforts. These aim to:

  • Initiate political and fiscal reforms that align with the strategic areas identified in the second challenge area of the National Strategy on Sustainable Development (SNDD);
  • Strengthen the national planning process to ensure alignment of green economy with post COVID-19 recovery plans;
  • Engage with various sectors and regions identified in the SNDD to support a coherent reform of the green economy policy; and 
  • Strengthen the capacities of the public and private sectors as well as civil society to support efforts to build an inclusive and sustainable economy.

Morocco & Green Recovery

Speaking to the Platform for Redesign 2020 on green recovery efforts, Minister of Energy, Mines and Environment, Aziz Rabbah stated:

Developing countries, like Morocco, are committed to face Climate Change and the COVID-19 impact. We are redesigning the whole development model and redefining all the sectoral plans and programs.” 

“We are committed to bring out support to all international, regional and African initiatives for sustainable development, biodiversity, energy, access, social development, agriculture, etc.

This dynamism will help us to handle the immediate impact of this crisis but also to build resilient systems to fight against future shocks."



Coordinating Agency Focal PointOzunimi Iti (UNIDO)
PAGE Project CoordinatorAli Benryane (UNIDO)
Government Focal PointTaoufiq Moucharraf, Director of Communication, Ministry of Industry, Commerce, Green Economy and Statistics

Commitment to Green Economy

Commitment to Green Economy

Morocco continues to prove a deep commitment to greening its economy and emphasizing sustainable recovery and development through measures such as: 

  • The new “Forêts du Maroc” strategy, for improving the management of water and forests;  

  • The development of two private sector coalitions: the Coalition on Waste Valorization (COVAD) and the Moroccan Coalition for Water (COALMA); as well as, 

  • The expected expansion of the mandate of the Moroccan Agency for Energy Efficiency (AMEE) to green economy, under the Ministry of Industry, Trade and Green and Digital Economy.



The SNDD has been identified as the key entry point for PAGE support. The second challenge area of the SNDD around green economy identifies 11 strategic axes, that could form the basis for medium- to long-term action:

  • Reconciling agricultural modernisation with sustainable development;
  • Ensuring the conservation and rational management of fishery resources;
  • Improving the value of forests to ensure their sustainable management;
  • Including industrial acceleration in a green economy trajectory;
  • Accelerating the implementation of energy efficiency and transition policies;
  • Having a sustainable mining sector;
  • Promoting sustainable crafts;
  • Promoting sustainable mobility;
  • Reconciling tourism with environmental protection;
  • Promoting integrated waste management to implement a circular economy; and
  • Aligning town planning with sustainable development principles.