Kazakhstan is an upper middle-income country whose economic growth has largely depended on exploitation of fossil fuels since independence. However, climate change, environmental degradation and waste pollution present significant threats. Kazakhstan is one of the biggest emitters of CO2 in the world in terms of emissions per capita, while it is also flood-prone, exposed to extreme temperatures and impacted by glacier melting droughts. 

The Government has taken progressive steps to promote sustainable development with ambitious targets set in the National Development Strategy Kazakhstan 2050 and Green Economy Concept. The country is also in the process of revising its Environmental Code to set the frame for sustainable use of natural resources. 

Kazakhstan joined PAGE in 2018 to support implementation of its National Development Strategy and development of a legal regulatory framework to implement the updated Environmental Code. On a sectoral level, waste management is considered a focus area, together with  green industrysustainable public procurement, fiscal policy and legal environmental tools. 

This has contributed to several Sustainable Development Goals, including:

Looking forward

PAGE Kazakhstan is supporting the UNDP COVID-19 Response team in developing a Socio-Economic Impact Assessment that captures the impact on the COVID-19 crisis on the green transition. In order to support green economic recovery, PAGE is also providing green advisory support to the Government of Kazakhstan with the main purpose to support the update of the National Development Strategy Kazakhstan 2025 to ensure green economy elements are included.  

Learn more about PAGE work in Kazakhstan in our 2020 Annual Report



  • National development planning 
  • Waste management 
  • Green industry 
  • Sustainable public procurement 
  • Fiscal policy 
  • Legal environmental tools 


  • Identifying learning needs of civil servants and stakeholders 
  • Raising awareness of green economy 

Kazakhstan & PAGE BY NUMBERS

Policies Supported: 3

Assessments: 1

Consultations & workshops: 6

National institutions & ministries partnering: 3 

Initiatives providing co-financing: 2

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Work is focused on the integration of low carbon development into the green economy strategic vision and Green Economy Concept, including:

  • Developing the waste section of the Low Carbon Development Strategy in partnership with other actors;

  • Supporting the implementation of Kazakhstan’s NDCs through review of good practices relating to fiscal policy to reduce carbon emissions in various sectors; 

  • Providing technical advisory support to develop legal tools related to the new Environmental Code; and

  • Support for the update of the Economic Strategy 2025, factoring for the impact of the lower oil price and the pandemic



Work includes:

  • Developing a National Programme on Waste Management up to 2030, with circular economy principles incorporated;

  • Redirecting emission payments, collected on the regional level, to support the greening of SMEs and the adoption of  green technologies;

  • Completing analysis and consultations on the feasibility of introducing a Policy and Action Plan for the implementation of sustainable public procurement.



To strengthen capacity, PAGE is

  • Completing a learning needs assessment of civil servants and stakeholders, with the goal of elaborating a capacity building programme with the Academy of Civil Servants;

  • Organizing a Building Back Better virtual capacity development event for Kazak civil servants from Kazakhstan and the Central Asian region; and

  • Organizing a high-level green economy awareness-raising event.


Lead Agency Focal PointMaya Valecha (UNITAR)
National CoordinatorAssel Nurbekova (UNDP)
Partner Agency Focal PointsLesya Nikolayeva (UNEP)
Md Abu Saieed (UNIDO)
Sarwat Chowdhury (UNDP)
Arman Kaskinbekov (UNDP)
Marek Harsdorff (ILO)
Government Focal PointsRashkid Karazkhaspayev, Ministry of Ecology, Geology and Natural Resources of RoK
Akhmetzhan Primkulov, Ministry of Ecology, Geology and Natural Resources of RoK
Aliya Shalabekova, Ministry of Ecology, Geology and Natural Resources of RoK
Arzan Shiranov, PAGE National Focal Point, Ministry of Ecology, Geology and Natural Resources of RoK