Kazakhstan Approves 5-Year National Project for Sustainable Growth

Responding to a request from the Ministry of Ecology, Geology and Natural Resources (MEGNR), PAGE provided technical support to the Ministry for the development of a 5-year national project "Zhasyl Kazakhstan" (or “Green Kazakhstan”), under PAGE’s green recovery support mechanism. The short-term, actionable nature of this policy document supports the creation of enabling conditions for sustainable economic growth and lays the foundations for a long-term green transition in line with climate ambitions and the SDG commitments of the country.

Led by UNDP and UNITAR, PAGE has supported the development of the project from March – October 2021, with technical assistance for the overall coordination for the development of the policy, as well as specific technical support for the sections on waste management, energy efficiency and eco-education. This was implemented with the support of national experts, in collaboration with the Economic Research Institute under the Ministry of National Economy, and in consultation with relevant stakeholders from Ministries of Economy, Finance, Energy, Industry, and the Agency for Strategic Planning and Reform among others. The national project "Green Kazakhstan" was officially approved by a Resolution of the Government on October 12, 2021.

The project covers several thematic areas including air pollution, waste management, energy efficiency, biodiversity conservation, water management and rehabilitation of water bodies, and eco-education and improving eco-culture. “Green Kazakhstan” sets activities at the national and regional level, with targets, indicators and budgets in each of those domains.

Key points of the project include: 

  • Measures on energy efficiency and buildings retrofitting as economic stimulus tools, aiming to create local-level jobs quickly and deliver a high economic multiplier with CO2 emissions targeted;

  • Measures on sustainable transport, a sector which is currently a major contributor of GHG emissions and also responsible for a high volume of air pollution, particularly in dense cities — aiming at rapid job creation with long-term job prospects in asset operations and management.

  • Incorporation of natural capital dimensions, which can correspond to employment opportunities with low skill requirements that can target demographics particularly struggling during the pandemic, and can as well offer increased resilience against future pandemics and natural disasters, air pollution reductions, and strengthened biodiversity with the enhancement of CO2 sinking capacities.

  • Measures to build environmentally sound waste management covering municipal solid, industrial, healthcare, agricultural and historical waste based on the Concept of Waste Management of the Republic of Kazakhstan. PAGE provided support to the development of waste, energy efficiency and eco-education, including overall coordination of the project development work.

The project also provides complementarity with the UNDP-led work “Climate Promise” and will leverage public budget for NDC implementation. Key activities of NDC Roadmaps on adaptation and mitigation with high sustainable recovery potential were incorporated.