Burkina Faso

Joined PAGE 2014

Burkina Faso has one of the lowest carbon emissions and ecological footprints in Sub-Saharan Africa. Its economy is heavily focused on agriculture and extractive industries, which together account for over 40% of GDP and over 90% of the country’s exports. However, it faces persistent challenges in the form of limited natural resources, high poverty levels and inequalitySome of these challenges are further aggravated by economic and employment fallout of COVID-19. In light of this, the Government has taken forward several national initiatives that highlight the country’s commitment to sustainable development.  

PAGE began work in Burkina Faso in 2014 to support the development of a National Green Economy Strategy (SNEV), to serve as the backbone of the country’s green economy transition. PAGE support helped mainstream environmental sustainability in the National Plan for Economic and Social Development (PNDES 2016-2020). Several macroeconomic and sectoral assessments were conducted to inform the Strategy and National Plan. 

PAGE began a gradual phase-out of support in 2019, completing the development of a sustainability plan to safeguard results and continue moving the green economy agenda forward. Key achievements of the partnership include: the adoption of the SNEV; contributions to sectoral and thematic reforms in the areas of green trade, green industry, and sustainable agriculture; and the establishment of a green economy master’s degree programme and a pool of trainings for green entrepreneurship.

Further, the country has created a model for the joint delivery of complementary UN initiatives, since replicated in other PAGE countries, bringing together PAGE, the Poverty-Environment Action (PEA), and  SWITCH Africa Green into one coherent programme aimed at greening the economy. 

The work has contributed to several Sustainable Development Goals, including:

Looking forward

The adoption of the National Green Economy Strategy in 2019 marked a significant milestonecreating a pathway for strong commitment from the highest level for a transition to green industry. Building on this, the country’s next national development plan for the period 2021-2025 (PNDES 2) provided a new entry point for PAGE to better mainstream Inclusive Green Economy (IGE) within sectoral strategies. 

For stakeholders to build capacity and take ownership of the country’s sustainability agenda, workshops with over 20 public officers and bilateral meetings with delegations from Switzerland and Belgium were held in 2019 to discuss implementation of Sustainability Plan for Burkina Faso.  

To support Burkina Faso in greening the recovery, PAGE is conducting additional activities focusing on the design and implementation of fiscal measures for promoting sustainable recovery of the tourism sector.

Learn more about PAGE work in Burkina Faso in our 2020 Annual Report




Read the Burkina Faso Country Spotlight article with an interview from the National Coordinator here.

Key thematic & sectoral areas

    • National development planning 
    • Green industry 
    • Green trade 
    • Sustainable agriculture 

    Capacity building

    • Inclusive Green Economy (IGE) learning 
    • Green entrepreneurship & agriculture training 

    Burkina Faso & PAGE by numbers

    Policies supported: 6
    Assessments: 7
    National institutions & ministries partnering: 8 
    Initiatives providing co-financing: 1 

    Thanks to a strong partnership and support from the Federal Ministry of the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety of Germany, PAGE announces the second wave of green recovery funds for eight partner countries. Learn more



    PAGE has supported the integration of green economy at a policy level by supporting multi-stakeholder collaboration and knowledge development. Examples include:

    Creating a shift to Inclusive Green Economy (IGE) at the policy level

    The adoption of the National Strategy on the Green Economy (SNEV) in 2019 marked a significant milestone in Burkina Faso’s transition to IGE. The SNEV contributes to the vision outlined in the PNDES, which states that Burkina Faso will transform its economy to achieve strong and inclusive growth through sustainable consumption and production patterns. The strategy was informed by macroeconomic and sectoral assessments supported by PAGE and involved more than 90 stakeholders in the validation process. A programme document for the implementation of the SNEV was validated in October 2020, which includes an action plan for the SNEV and a sustainability plan for PAGE. Additionally, in 2020 PAGE through the Ministry of Environment, provided inputs for the next national development plan for 2021-2025 (PNDES 2), with the aim to further strengthen the integration of IGE into national planning. This work is aligned to SDGs 8, 12, 13 and 17, targets 8.5, 12.4, 13.2, 17.11 and 17.14 on achieving productive employment and decent work, achieving the environmentally sound management of all wastes, integrating climate change measures into national policies, promoting exports and enhancing policy coherence. 

    National coordination

    Options are being evaluated regarding national coordination for forward going green economy work, including integration into an existing coordinating mechanism such as the Climate Change Coordination Committee. This contributes to achieving SDG 17, target 17.14, by working to enhance policy coherence for sustainable development, and target 17.16, by supporting partnerships.



    PAGE has supported reform in a number of thematic and sectoral areas, including sustainable agriculture, sustainable trade and green industry.

    Sustainable agriculture

    Agriculture, which accounts for more than 30 per cent of GDP in Burkina Faso and employs over 90 per cent of the labour force, has been a key area for green economy action. In 2018, PAGE launched discussions with the Permanent Secretariat for the Coordination of Sectoral Agricultural Policies in order to integrate green economy principles into the implementation of the second National Rural Sector Programme (PNSR 2), adopted in early 2018. Programme implementation and mainstreaming of IGE began in 2020, with a study on the impact of artisanal mining on sustainable agriculture completed and shared at a national validation workshop in November 2020. This is aligned with SDG 2, target 2.4, by working to ensure sustainable food production systems and implement resilient agricultural practices.  

    Sustainable trade

    The adoption of the Action Plan for the Sustainable Management and Export of NTFPs was informed by a PAGE supported study on green trade and NTFPs. It aims to make the trade of these products more sustainable, efficient and competitive as well as more profitable to the national economy. The adoption was followed by a training of stakeholders on Sustainable Trade in September 2019. Trainees came from the following institutions: ministries in charge of the Environment, Trade, Handicraft and Industry; small and medium enterprises in the NTPF sector; certification agencies; and representatives of the exports promotion agency (APEX). This work contributes to SDG 15, target 15.1, by promoting the sustainable use of forest areas, and SDG 17, target 17.11, by promoting increased exports from developing countries.

    Green industry

    PAGE supported the Ministry of Commerce, Industry and Handicrafts in conducting a Green Industry Assessment and developing a National Industrial Strategy with a focus on greening Burkina Faso’s industry sector. To inform the content of the strategy, which was adopted in April 2019, PAGE supported the collection of baseline information on industries, presented various policy options and related trade-offs as well as short- and long-term measures to enable the transition to a green economy via industry. This work contributes to SDGs 9 and 17, targets 9.2 and 17.14, by promoting inclusive and sustainable industrialization and enhancing policy coherence for sustainable development.



    Burkina Faso took an institutional approach to training green entrepreneurs, as well as agricultural stakeholders through a train-the-trainer programme, run with local partners with a proven multiplier effect. PAGE support to individual and institutional capacity building is highlighted below:

    Building institutional capacity

    Several activities have been completed to build institutional capacity within learning institutions and businesses:

    • Assessing learning and development needs: PAGE supported the development of a Green Economy Learning Assessment in coordination with the Centre for Economic and Social Development of the University of Ouagadougou. A national action plan for green economy learning was developed based on this assessment and the SNEV. This action plan is focused on agriculture as a priority sector, targeting decision makers, professionals and learning institutions, in line with the PNDES and SNEV. It is also part of PAGE’s support for the implementation of PNSR 2. This contributes to SDG 4, target 4.7, by identifying priority learning needs.
    • Incorporating IGE into national curricula: PAGE partnered with the ENEF and the IUFIC to develop and implement a green economy course on sustainable agriculture, with the first training delivered in November 2019. In collaboration with a multi-stakeholder training review committee, PAGE has been working to ensure involvement of women in this and other capacity-building activities. This supports SDG 17, 17.16, by enhancing stakeholder partnerships and SDG 5, target 5.C, by promoting gender equality and empowerment of women and girls.
    • Fostering green entrepreneurship: Five trainers from the Maison de l’Entreprise, trained on green entrepreneurship by PAGE in 2017, went on to train 20 coaches working with small- and medium-sized enterprises. This collaboration was continued in November 2020 with the coaching of nine female-led enterprises on greening their businesses. This particular training course falls under a larger ILO programme which developed a coaching package on green entrepreneurship, a ‘Manual for Green Jobs Creation’ in 2020, providing a guide for national actors of the green economy to develop and promote green entrepreneurship in identified priority sectors in Burkina Faso. This is aligned to SDG 8, target 8.5 on achieving both productive and decent employment for all. 

    Building individual capacity

    A number of trainings have been delivered in support of SDG 4, target 4.7 by ensuring all learners acquire the knowledge and skills needed to promote sustainable development:  

    • July 2019: 27 participants attended a train-the-trainer on IGE and sustainable agriculture to build capacity within the ENEF. These trainers went on to teach four of the modules to 50 public officials in November 2019.  
    • October 2019: A training of stakeholders in the NTFP sector on sustainable trade took place with 75 participants.  
    • November 2019: A training of 48 rural staff on sustainable agriculture and the GE was held for managers from the Ministries of Agriculture, Water, Animal Resources and the Environment.  
    • December 2019: Two trainings were held in Bobo Dioulasso and one in Ouagadougou with 80 participants from various ministries, building on a 2017 PAGE study on environmental fiscal reform. 
    • December 2020: A virtual workshop was held for government officials from various ministries and NGO staff, to train participants on the development of bankable projects that aim to enhance climate funding. 

    Facilitating South-South cooperation

    Burkina Faso has engaged closely with Senegal, with representatives attending a train-the-trainer event to support green entrepreneurism. In 2020, PAGE Burkina Faso supported the West African Regional Learning Platform on Climate Change, a collaborative programme initiated by UN CC:Learn in hosting three exchange webinars held in August, September and October 2020. This was continued in 2021 with an exchange between Côte d'Ivoire, Senegal and Burkina Faso on the development of a directory of green jobs and professions. In 2021 PAGE also contributed to the first "West African Campaign on Learning about Climate Change” organized jointly by UNITAR and the government of Benin, involving radio and TV debates on climate change. These examples of South-South and global collaboration contribute to SDG 17, target 17.9, by facilitating international cooperation to support the national implementation of the SDGs.