Mongolia fast facts




Key cross-sectoral policies

National Green Development Policy and indicator framework
Sustainable Development Vision 2030
Sub-national development planning

Key thematic and sectoral action areas:

Green jobs
Gender mainstreaming
Green buildings and greening of construction sector
Sustainable public procurement
Sustainable finance
Green trade
Sustainable industry and waste management

Capacity building:

IGE learning in university curricula
Online course on green fiscal reform
Multi-sectoral trainings on IGE

PAGE's support to Mongolia contributes to the achievement of the following SDGs:

Sustainable Development Goals logo

SDG 4 - Quality education

SDG 5 - Gender equality

SDG 7 - Affordable and clean energy

SDG 8 - Decent work and economic growth

SDG 11 - Sustainable cities and communities

SDG 12 - Responsible consumption and production

SDG 13 - Climate action

SDG 17 - Partnerships for the goals


The government of Mongolia is focused on ensuring environmentally sustainable and socially inclusive development. This commitment is set out in the country's:

Mongolia, with support from PAGE, is achieving this through:

  1. Evidence-based policy appraisal and economic modelling.
  2. Sectoral policy support and reform in finance, construction, jobs, trade, waste management, public procurement and education.
  3. Capacity development through work with universities, government institutions, public policy institutes and the private sector.

 Progress in 2018: A Snapshot

Supporting IGE at the sub-national level

In 2018, PAGE and partners have supported the integration of IGE principles and linkages to the SDGs and NDCs into sub-national planning, supporting the provincial governments of Orkhon aimag and Dornogovi aimag to design green development programmes and motivate local businesses and communities to engage in sustainable and green practices.

This work includes measures to:

  • reduce pollution
  • restore habitats
  • promote green procurement, sustainable transport and energy efficiency

As a result of this work, the Sustainable and Green Development Policy of Orkhon Aimag was approved by the Aimag  Citizens' Representatives Presidium in February 2018.

To support IGE at the local level, PAGE launched a small grants programme to foster green economy initiatives.

Sustainable construction and green buildings

Inspired by PAGE’s work on green school buildings, Mongolia is moving towards a new green building code. PAGE is also supporting the Ministry of Construction and Urban Development to develop a new sustainable construction sector policy.

In 2018, PAGE supported the stakeholder consultations to review the draft construction sector policy document and to integrate concepts related to green economy, sustainable development and climate change therein.

Work has continued on a training module and handbook on green building design and architecture which will be delivered to entrepreneurs and professionals in the construction sector.

Building national green economy capacity

PAGE has been working with Mongolian universities on integrating green economy concepts and approaches into tertiary programmes and curricula.

In 2018, PAGE has worked to develop a new university course on green economy and modelling, which was completed for a pilot run in the 2018-2019 academic year. A new university course on sustainable finance will be launched in 2019.

Moreover, the Mongolian State University of Life Sciences has already integrated some elements of UNITAR’s e-course on the green fiscal reform into the undergraduate syllabus of economics and business.

Sustainability beyond PAGE

As PAGE’s support to Mongolia scaled back in 2018, a national PAGE Sustainability Strategy has been developed to ensure that the development and implementation of inclusive green economy policies can be sustained.

The Sustainability Strategy includes 28 specific follow up actions, each with an identified government lead and supporting UN entity, to continue momentum on:

  • sustainable public procurement
  • sustainable finance
  • green buildings
  • waste management
  • green trade
  • sustainable consumption and production
  • capacity building

PAGE impact in Mongolia - 2013-18


Outcome 1: National policymaking

Mongolia has established a national framework — the National Green Development Strategy (NGDS) — that sets clear goals for the green development pathway of the country.

To support this, PAGE has undertaken policy assessments, including Threshold 21 modelling work that informs long-term macro-economic planning and forecasting. Complemented by a comprehensive training programme, this work has resulted in significantly improved institutional and individual capacities in utilizing modelling, now available to support future policy and planning processes.

PAGE also took an active role in developing tools to monitor Mongolia’s green economy transition and helped the government to define indicators for measuring progress towards the objectives of the NDGP.

At sub-national level, PAGE partners have supported the integration of NGDP principles and SDG/NDC objectives into sub-national planning, providing green economy training and technical support for local development plans.

PAGE has also worked to ensure that gender considerations are mainstreamed throughout Mongolia’s green development policy. In particular, PAGE produced a report analysing how existing green development policies contribute to gender equality objectives and offered recommendations for mainstreaming gender into the implementation of the NGDP.

Outcome 2: Sectoral reform

PAGE has supported partner ministries in advancing policy development and reform in specific sectors and thematic areas identified by the government of Mongolia, including green buildings and construction (with a focus on schools), sustainable public procurement, waste management, and trade and sustainable finance.

The support has been provided in the form of:

  • policy and market assessments
  • high level stakeholder engagement
  • knowledge product generation including feasibility studies
  • the establishment of multi-stakeholder consultations, national alliances and working groups on relevant topics
  • the execution of expert workshops.

Outcome 3: Strengthening capacity

In Mongolia, PAGE has taken an institutional approach to capacity development, working with universities, government institutions, public policy institutes and private companies.

PAGE trained over 480 professionals at the national and sub-national level to build understanding of green development concepts and approaches.

Targeted training events on trade, sustainable public procurement, green economy modelling and other thematic areas are key elements in the work.

To institutionalize green economy education and training, PAGE has worked Mongolian universities to integrate sustainability and green economy concepts and approaches in tertiary curricula.

Outcome 4: Knowledge sharing 

PAGE is supporting countries to improve their Inclusive Green Economy knowledge base by generating and sharing knowledge products such as manuals, reports, lessons learned and best practices with the aim to inform and support national policy analysis and formulation.

For knowledge sharing, PAGE organizes high level events, conferences, workshops involving current and future PAGE countries to build networks and global platforms to exchange experiences and information.

SDGs and Paris Agreement Articles

In Mongolia, PAGE is contributing towards the achievement of SDGs 4, 5, 8, 11, 12, 13, and 17 by supporting the assessment of green job potential, providing technical inputs for the development of green indicators and improved industrial waste management, boosting green economy learning and enhancing global multi-stakeholder partnerships for sustainable development, providing technical and strategic support into Mongolia's green building agenda, promoting relevant resource mobilisation and providing training on green economy modelling.

Mongolia is working towards the SDGs 4,5,7,8,11,12,13 and 17

The graphic above shows the interaction and interdependence between the Sustainable Development Goals and the Paris Agreement articles that PAGE supports in a given country. The degree of interrelatedness is expressed by proximity of the SDGs/articles to each other.