Ghana fast facts




Key cross-sectoral policies

Ghana Shared Growth and Development Agenda II
Ghana Co-ordinated Programme of Economic and Social Development Policies (2017-2024)
National Climate Change Policy

Key thematic and sectoral action areas:

Green finance
Green industry
Green jobs

Capacity building:

IGE learning in primary and secondary school curricula
Tailor-made IGE trainings for steel and oil palm sectors
Green economy media training
Sub-national training on mainstreaming IGE in development plans

PAGE's support to Ghana contributes to the achievement of the following SDGs:

Sustainable Development Goals logo

SDG 4 - Quality education

SDG 7 - Affordable and clean energy

SDG 8 - Decent work and economic growth

SDG 9 - Industry, innovation and infrastructure

SDG 13 - Climate action

SDG 17 - Partnerships for the goals


Ghana has made a strong political commitment to advancing inclusive green economy.  The Ghana National Climate Change Policy (2013) envisages a climate-resilient and climate-compatible economy while achieving sustainable development through equitable low-carbon economic growth. This commitment has carried through to the subsequent:

Focus areas for PAGE work in Ghana include:

  1. Providing evidence-based advice on green economy transition and economic growth at the national and sub-national level.
  2. Sectoral policy support and reform in green finance, green jobs, green energy management.
  3. Targeted capacity building and awareness raising about IGE.

Progress in 2018: A Snapshot

Decent work and just transition

In January 2018, the Ministry of Environment and the Environmental Protection Agency, with support from PAGE, held the National Dialogue on Decent Work and Just Transition to a Sustainable Economy and Society for All.

The event brought together multi-sectoral IGE stakeholders to discuss potential synergies between climate change, labour and decent job creation policies.

The dialogue:

  • identified workers in the informal economy and energy sectors as particularly vulnerable to the impacts of climate change on jobs
  • flagged the need for alternative measures for a just transition to be successful in Ghana

Green finance

PAGE is working with the Central Bank of Ghana to develop sustainable banking principles that would balance social and environmental risks with profit opportunities.

PAGE is also working with UNEP Finance Initiative on an assessment of the level of sustainability in business sector operations, value chains and products and services, and the opportunities and challenges for scaling up of green finance opportunities.

A national consultation in July offered an opportunity for key stakeholders to provide feedback on an initial draft of the study.

Green Energy Management

In 2018, PAGE organized an intensive two-day training workshop to introduce the concepts of energy management systems and energy efficiency to large industrial users, as well as selected governmental agencies.

Capacity building and media outreach

In June 2018, PAGE and the Ministry of Environment held a media training to inform journalists on topics of climate change and green economy.

The training also focused on mainstreaming green economy, climate change and the SDGs at the sub-national level, enabling media stakeholders to hold public officials accountable and helping foster a productive and healthy media environment.

PAGE impact in Ghana - 2013-2018


Outcome 1: National policymaking

PAGE is supporting the Ghanaian government to prioritize and reframe economic policy around sustainability and put into place enabling policy conditions, reforms, incentives, business models and partnerships to catalyze and scale action and investment in green technologies, and natural, human and social capital.

In particular, PAGE has supported the National Development Planning Commission in the development of a national medium-term development plan (2018-2021) that is reflective of the principles of green economy. At the sub-national level, PAGE has provided targeted support through the development of a manual and provision of capacity building for planning officers and other key officials of the Municipal, Metropolitan and District Assemblies (MMDAs). This work has resulted in the formulation of medium-term development plans in the 216 MMDAs across the country that reflect the principles of green economy.

PAGE has also supported the development of the action plan and implementation strategy for Ghana’s Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs) in line with the Paris Agreement on Climate Change by providing technical and capacity support to key government officials, which will enable the country to budget, prioritize and implement the actions in its NDCs to meet its international obligation.

Outcome 2: Sectoral reform

In Ghana, PAGE has advanced workstreams in green finance, green industry and entrepreneurship, and green economy learning that support the achievement of the national development priorities.

Working with the Ministry of Trade and Industry and other stakeholders, PAGE has leveraged both technical and financial support from other initiatives, such as ILO’s Just Transition project, to produce an in-depth assessment of the skills and job requirements for the country to implement its NDCs. By exposing skills and training gaps, the assessment will enable the government and national training institutions to adjust their policies and programmes to better equip people to take up the opportunities offered by the transition to a just and inclusive green economy.

In support of the green financial sector, PAGE and partners conducted a scoping study on green finance opportunities micro-, small- and medium-scale enterprises (MSMEs). Working with diverse groups of stakeholders, PAGE has used the sustainability principles incorporated in the banking sector in Ghana as a starting off point to examine the policy options for green finance support to MSMEs. Looking ahead, PAGE will continue to work with relevant stakeholders to support a robust green finance mechanism for MSMEs in Ghana in place.

Outcome 3: Strengthening capacity

PAGE has provided capacity building support in foundational green economy learning as well as targeted trainings on incorporating the SDGs into development planning and on green finance at the national and sub-national level.

In order to complement PAGE’s work to support green finance opportunities for MSMEs, tailor-made trainings for selected businesses in the steel and oil palm sectors in Ghana have enhanced recourse capacity for MSMEs in these sectors.

To raise awareness around IGE at the national level, PAGE has held media trainings to inform journalists on topics of climate change and green economy. The training also focused on mainstreaming green economy, climate change and the SDGs at the sub-national level, enabling media stakeholders to hold public officials accountable and helping foster a productive and healthy media environment.

Outcome 4: Knowledge sharing 

PAGE is supporting countries to improve their Inclusive Green Economy knowledge base by generating and sharing knowledge products such as manuals, reports, lessons learned and best practices with the aim to inform and support national policy analysis and formulation.

For knowledge sharing, PAGE organizes high level events, conferences, workshops involving current and future PAGE countries to build networks and global platforms to exchange experiences and information.

SDGs and Paris Agreement Articles

In Ghana, PAGE is contributing towards the achievement of SDGs 4, 7, 8, 9, 13 and 17 through harnessing partnerships and green economy learning, promoting green economy jobs and green finance, particularly for micro-, small- and medium-scale enterprises.

Ghana has been working towards SDGs 4, 7, 8, 9, 13, and 17

The graphic above shows the interaction and interdependence between the Sustainable Development Goals and the Paris Agreement articles that PAGE supports in a given country. The degree of interrelatedness is expressed by proximity of the SDGs/articles to each other.