China, Jiangsu Province fast facts
Key cross-sectoral policies:
Provincial Five-Year Plan
Key thematic and sectoral action areas in 2018:
Green economy progress indicators
Green industrial parks
Social dialogues on green jobs for quality green industrial development
South-South exchange with South Africa on Green Economy Progress Framework
Green economy institutional capacity at Nanjing University
As the second largest economy in the world, China has positioned itself as a forerunner of sustainable development, guided by the new national development vision known as “Ecological Civilization”. Green development and green industry has been placed at the heart of this vision.
Jiangsu Province, the first PAGE partner at the sub-national level, is committed to building a resource efficient, inclusive and thriving economy through the implementation of:
With the PAGE programme entering into its fourth year of implementation in Jiangsu Province, sustaining and scaling up the green economy work catalyzed by PAGE is a prime consideration.
PAGE is helping transform Jiangsu’s economy into a driver of sustainability through:
- Identifying and sharing success stories at the provincial and sub-provincial levels, and within the private sector, to inspire other provinces and countries to embrace green economy.
- Identifying and analyzing major barriers to an inclusive green economy transition.
- Advancing green industrial transitions and policy coordination in Jiangsu's industrial parks.
Progress in 2018: A Snapshot
Regional green development for the Yangtze River Economic Belt
Jiangsu Province has prioritized aligning green economy with the Yangtze River Economic Belt (YREB) development framework. The YREB development framework and corresponding sectoral plans guide the high-quality, coordinated and green development in the YREB region, which comprises 11 provinces and municipalities and accounts for over 40% of China's economy.
In 2018, a policy guideline on Strengthening the Green Industrial Development along the YREB was issued by five ministries, spelling out a set of policy targets aimed to accelerating the green industrial transformation in heavy industry sectors such as chemicals and textiles.
Assessing Policy and Practice for Green Industrial Parks
China has seen growing momentum towards the promotion of green industrial parks, specifically in Jiangsu Province, the nation's industrial powerhouse. Supported by PAGE and spearheaded by the Policy Research Centre for Environment and Economy (PRCEE), various studies have been carried out, namely:
- The Jiangsu Green Industrial Park Assessment and Policy Guideline - a study which takes stock of the key policy instruments that catalyze green transformation within industrial parks in China.
- A pilot study applying the International Framework on Eco-Industrial park (jointly developed by UNIDO, the World Bank Group and GIZ) to evaluate the sustainability performance of four selected industrial parks in Jiangsu.
A multi-stakeholder dialogue and training workshop was also held along with study tours to Jiangsu industrial parks to promote peer-to-peer learning and sharing of best practices and lessons learnt towards green transformation.
Mobilizing green investment through green loans
In 2018, a new programme on green loans was established by the provincial Departments of Environment and Finance, in collaboration with a number of banks in Jiangsu.
Through an initial budget of USD 60 million from the provincial government, the green loans programme is expected to mobilize a total of USD 1.2 billion in green capital from the banking system in supporting projects such as:
- pollution control
- green infrastructure
- ecological restoration
- investment into the green sectors
Strengthening institutional capacity
PAGE’s work has served to strengthen the institutional capacity of Nanjing University, a key research university at the provincial level. University partners have:
- provided evidence-based IGE policy analysis and advisory work, and
- developed a framework of indicators measuring the Green Economy Progress (GEP) in Jiangsu.
Specifically, Nanjing University was the first institute to adapted the PAGE global GEP tool into a sub-national context. To share their experience of applying the GEP methodology, PAGE has facilitated an ongoing exchange between Jiangsu Province (Nanjing University) and South Africa, another PAGE country who has expressed interest in applying the GEP tool in its national policy analysis process.
How does PAGE's work in Jiangsu Province, China, meet its objectives?
Outcome 1: National policymaking
Doubling down on efforts in the implementation of the 13th provincial Five-Year Plan, the provincial government of Jiangsu has committed itself towards a GDP without pollution that enables the continuation of high-quality economic growth coupled with improved environmental management.
In this context, PAGE is supporting a comprehensive measurement framework with green development indicators. In Jiangsu Province, PAGE work has focused on the development and local adaptation of a Green Economy Progress (GEP) Measurement Framework, the first application of this tool at the sub-national level. The Jiangsu GEP Measurement Framework complements the existing framework used by the provincial government with strengthened social and gender dimensions, and will help identify policy gaps and opportunities for future resource allocations. Following the consultation of initial results with the provincial government, the GEP Measurement Framework is now being broadened to measure the performance of 13 prefecture-level cities in Jiangsu.
Outcome 2: Sectoral reform
In 2018, the Policy Research Center for Environment and Economy (PRCEE), with support from PAGE, finalized the Jiangsu Green Industrial Park Assessment and Policy Guideline. The official report (in Chinese and English) will be launched at the PAGE Seminar on Green Industrial Parks in Beijing in April 2019.
A pilot study, which will assess the performance of four industrial parks in Jiangsu, was also commissioned in 2018. The final output will inform the implementation strategy and capacity building needs for industrial park managers to improve park sustainability performance.
In June 2018, PAGE agencies, together with PRCEE and the Jiangsu International Environmental Development Center, held a multi-stakeholder dialogue and training workshop to promote peer learning among relevant stakeholders. Trainings were provided on cross-cutting issues, such as innovative water management and green finance.
Consultations held during the workshop have advanced planning for the establishment of the upcoming PAGE Coalition of Green Industrial Parks. This will support the broader efforts of PAGE and Jiangsu Province towards a green industry transition.
At the policy level, green finance has been a key means to incentive green transition and investment in sectors like green transport, green buildings, pollution control and clean technologies. The Bank of Jiangsu - the second Chinese bank signatory to The Equator Principles - has seen a 10-fold growth of its green credit issuance to over USD 10 billion during the period of 2013-2018.
Outcome 3: Strengthening capacity
In 2018, PAGE has contributing to strengthening the institutional capacity of Nanjing University, a key research university at the provincial level and the first institute to adapt the PAGE global GEP tool to a sub-national context. Through collaboration with PAGE, the University has increased its capacity for IGE policy analysis and advisory support.
The University has also committed to:
- hosting a dedicated database on Jiangsu’s green economy progress;
- conducting regular assessments in the coming years; and
- leading the establishment of a GEP learning network among interested university partners in other provinces in China.
To share their experience of applying the GEP methodology, PAGE has facilitated an ongoing exchange between Jiangsu Province (Nanjing University) and South Africa, another PAGE country who has expressed interest in applying the GEP tool in its national policy analysis process.
Also in 2018, PAGE hosted an exchange workshop and training entitled "China’s Green Transformation of Industrial Parks: Policies, Innovative Green Governance and Case Studies”, which drew a total of 63 participants.
Outcome 4: Knowledge sharing
PAGE is supporting countries to improve their Inclusive Green Economy knowledge base by generating and sharing knowledge products such as manuals, reports, lessons learned and best practices with the aim to inform and support national policy analysis and formulation.
For knowledge sharing, PAGE organizes high level events, conferences, workshops involving current and future PAGE countries to build networks and global platforms to exchange experiences and information.
SDGs and Paris Agreement Articles
In Jiangsu Province, China, PAGE is contributing towards the achievement of SDGs 4, 7, 8, 9, 12, 13, 17 by supporting the application of the Green Economy Progress Measurement Framework – a tool developed by PAGE - at the provincial level and is contributing towards the promotion of green trade and green industry transformation, boosting green economy knowledge, skills and learning and building capacity around green entrepreneurship.