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Mongolia fast facts



Key cross-sectoral policies

National Green Development Policy

Sustainable Development Vision 2030

Key thematic and sectoral action areas in 2017:

Economic modelling

Green jobs

IGE indicators

Gender mainstreaming

Sub-national development planning

Green buildings

Sustainable public procurement

Sustainable finance

Green trade

Industry and waste management

IGE learning in university curriculum

PAGE's support to Mongolia contributes to the achievement of the following SDGs:

Sustainable Development Goals logo

Sustainable Development Goal 4: Quality Education

Sustainable Development Goal 5: Gender Equality

Sustainable Development Goal 8: Decent Work and Economic Growth

Sustainable Development Goal 11: Sustainable cities and communities

Sustainable Development Goal 12: Responsible Consumption and Production


The government of Mongolia is focused on ensuring environmentally sustainable and socially inclusive development. This commitment is set out in the country's:

Mongolia, with support from PAGE, is achieving this through:

  1. Evidence-based policy appraisal and economic modelling
  2. Sectoral policy support and reform in finance, construction, jobs, trade, waste management, public procurement and education

 Progress in 2017: A Snapshot

Green economy modelling and policy assessment

PAGE has supported the completion of a policy assessment based on the 2016 green economy modelling study. The study shows "that under a green investment scenario economic growth in 2030 will be 4.2%, which is significantly higher than the current growth based on a ‘brown’ economy with only 2.4%."

A series of national consultations have since been held in 2017 to discuss and share the policy recommendations from the modelling study.

The findings are available in English and Mongolian in a policy brief entitled "Turning Challenges into Opportunities: Lessons Learned and Policy Recommendations from PAGE".

Sustainability week

In 2017 Government of Mongolia hosted sustainability week: a series of thematic events, meetings with national partners, and the PAGE Steering Committee Meeting.

The main results of the week were:

  • Recognition of the importance of the green economy approach for Mongolia
  • Consolidation of results of PAGE support to Mongolia since 2013
  • Advancement of key thematic workstreams including sustainable public procurement, trade and green economy learning through stakeholder workshops

The events received wide coverage in the Mongolian media.

A delegation from Kyrgyz Republic also participated so that they could learn from Mongolia’s experience in green economy policy reform.

Green Trade

In support of the Sustainable Development Vision and National Green Development Policy, PAGE has been working with the Mongolian government to identify and harness green trade opportunities. In 2017, three events on green economy and international trade opportunities were held in Ulan Bator, with national and international partners:

  • a targeted two-day training on “Green Economy, Sustainable Production and Trade Opportunities”
  • an expert workshop on ‘Sustainable Development and Trade Opportunities for Mongolia”
  • a stakeholders' roundtable to discuss new trade policy landscape and opportunities in green trade sectors.

Building up green economy capacities

PAGE has been working with Mongolian universities on integrating green economy concepts and approaches into tertiary programmes and curricula.

With the aim of creating a national pool of experts, new courses will be created in the following thematic areas:

  • green economy and modelling
  • sustainable financing
  • green buildings

These courses have the potential to reach out to hundreds of students in Mongolia over the next years.

How does PAGE's work in Mongolia meet its objectives?


Outcome 1: National policymaking

PAGE has supported the development and implementation of cross-sectoral national plans and strategies that integrate IGE goals and targets. PAGE support was centred around stakeholder engagement for sustainability of these efforts and building partnerships for effective implementation of these plans and strategies.

With PAGE support, the government of Mongolia has adopted an Action Plan for implementation of its National Green Development Policy together with a measurement framework to monitor its progress against relevant targets. This Action Plan also includes a series of actions on green development indicators, green jobs, green economy learning, sustainable public procurement, green building, sustainable financing as well as waste management. 

In other areas, PAGE has been providing capacity and training support for the advancement of green economy modelling and policy assessment. Findings from the modelling assessment are now available in English and Mongolian in a Policy Brief. Also in 2017, PAGE has:

  • provided support towards the finalisation of a Green jobs report in English and Mongolian;
  • helped to define indicators for measuring progress towards the National Green Development Policy in collaboration with the National Statistical Office;
  • promoted its work on gender mainstreaming having presented the report “Gender Mainstreaming in Green Development Policy of Mongolia" at a meeting in June;
  • supported the elaboration of green development programmes at the sub-national level and the implementation of local green initiatives;
  • participated in Mongolia's sustainability week and held the Global PAGE Steering Committee Meeting.

Outcome 2: Sectoral reform

PAGE has supported partner ministries in advancing policy development and reform in specific sectors and thematic areas identified by the Government of Mongolia including green buildings and construction (with a focus on schools), sustainable public procurement, waste management, and trade and sustainable finance.

The support has been provided in the form of:

  • policy and market assessments
  • high level stakeholder engagement
  • capacity building
  • knowledge product generation including feasibility studies
  • the establishment of multi-stakeholder consultations, national alliances and working groups on relevant topics
  • the execution of expert workshops.

Outcome 3: Strengthening capacity

Targeted training events on trade, sustainable public procurement, green economy modelling and other thematic areas are key elements contributing towards individual capacity building in Mongolia under the PAGE portfolio.

To institutionalize green economy education and training, PAGE continues with its work with Mongolian universities to integrate sustainability and green economy concepts and approaches in university curricula. 

Outcome 4: Knowledge sharing 

PAGE is supporting countries to improve their Inclusive Green Economy knowledge base by generating and sharing knowledge products such as manuals, reports, lessons learned and best practices with the aim to inform and support national policy analysis and formulation.

For knowledge sharing, PAGE organizes high level events, conferences, workshops involving current and future PAGE countries to build networks and global platforms to exchange experiences and information.

SDGs and Paris Agreement Articles

In Mongolia, PAGE is contributing towards the achievement of seven SDGs (4, 5, 8, 11, 12, 13, and 17) through: supporting Mongolia's National Statistics Office in the assessment of green job potential in the country, providing technical input into the development of green indicators as well as for improved industrial waste management, boosting green economy learning and enhancing global multi-stakeholder partnerships for sustainable development, providing technical and strategic support into Mongolia's green building agenda, promoting relevant resource mobilisation and providing training on green economy modelling.

Mongolia is committed to the UN Sustainable Development Goals

The graphic above shows the interaction and interdependence between the Sustainable Development Goals and the Paris Agreement articles that PAGE supports in a given country. The degree of interrelatedness is expressed by proximity of the SDGs/articles to each other.