While Brazil has seen significant economic growth in recent times, Mato Grosso’s economy remains dependent on natural resource use with considerable negative environmental impact. Mato Grosso has benefitted economically from the agricultural sector, yet major environmental challenges remain with this growth, including deforestation, and significant social challenges, including precarious working conditions and highly uneven income distribution. Mato Grosso intends to address these challenges with the promotion of new economic activities and technologies, as well as the rehabilitation of natural resources.
A local initiative, the Sustainable Municipalities Programme, is aimed at strengthening the local economy, improving municipal governance, conserving natural resources and environmental recuperation, promoting legal security, and seeking to reduce social inequalities. One of the challenges identified for the implementation of this programme is its harmonization with federal policies such as the National Policy on Climate Change, the National Plan to Fight Deforestation, the Low Carbon Agriculture Plan, the National Agro-ecology Plan and the Organic Agriculture Plan.
Opportunities for Inclusive Green Economy
Stakeholders have expressed interest in focusing efforts on decent work and job generation, and goal and target setting for the short, medium and long term. Additional areas of high potential for greening include: recovery of degraded rural areas, strengthening the “green belt” surrounding the cities of Mato Grosso, tourism (with a focus on ecotourism, rural tourism, and tourisms in traditional communities and hotels), fighting against deforestation, sustainable livestock management, and non-timber forest management with rural and traditional communities.Mato Grosso state of Brazil is committed to pursuing a green economy in order to increase production, prevent deforestation and preserve natural resources, and to reduce to current deficit of decent work. Promising opportunities for inclusive green growth include increasing agricultural productivity per hectare, avoiding the opening of new areas for extensive agriculture, and creating new green jobs. The state of Mato Grosso has identified key priorities for transforming to an IGE, including capacity building for the state government to design and implement a strategic plan to transition towards an IGE.
Mato Grosso has demonstrated significant and high-level cross-sectoral support, including letters of federal level support from the Cities Minister as well as the Minister of Development, Industry and Foreign Trade outlining alignment with federal environmental policies.
At the state level, a number of state secretaries have expressed interest in pursuing an IGE with PAGE support, and intend to create a cross-sectoral Steering Committee under the coordination of the State Secretary of Labour and Social Assistance, reporting to the Governor of the State. The Steering Committee will include:
- State Secretary of Labour and Social Assistance
- Governor’s Office/International Affairs Advising
- State Secretariat of Planning (SEPLAN)
- State Secretariat of Environment (SEMA)
- State Secretariat for Family Agriculture and Land Affairs (SEAF)
- State Secretariat of Cities (SECID)
- Secretariat of Justice Human Rights (SEJUDH)
- Regional Development Office (GDR)
- State Secretary of Culture (SEC)
Additionally PAGE work streams and the Steering Committee will engage civil society, non-profits, academic and research institutions, and the private sector. Support has been expressed by: the Pantanal Research Center (CPP), ARCA Multi-incubator, the Farmers’ Cooperative of the Amanhecer Valley (COOPAVAM), The Fishermen’s and Artisans’ Cooperative of Pai Andre and Bonsucesso (COORIMBATA), and the Sustainable Municipalities Initiative of the Instituto Centro de Vida (ICV).
Mato Grosso has signed an agreement with the Ministry of Environment and the Governors of the states of Mato Grosso and Acre, which outlines policies and activities to end illegal deforestation in the states and to meet Brazil’s Intended Nationally Determined Contribution on climate change.